- The CDC recommends a yearly flu vaccine as the first and most important step in protecting against this serious disease.
- While there are many different flu viruses, the flu vaccine protects against the four main flu strains that research indicates will cause the most illness during the flu season.
- The vaccine can protect you from getting sick from these four viruses, or it can make your illness milder if you get a different flu virus.
Practice Good Health Habits
- Stay hydrated. Moist mucous membranes are more resistant to infection than dry ones.
- Get eight hours of sleep a night.
- Eat three, well-balanced meals a day.
- Exercise regularly.
Take Everyday Preventative Actions
- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective.
- Try to avoid close contact with sick people.
- Disinfect common, shared household objects, such as your computer mouse and keyboard, telephone, television remote control, etc. with a disinfectant.
Take these Precautions if you Contract the Flu
- Stay home from work and school until you have been fever free for 24 hours, without the aid of fever reducing medicine.
- Isolate yourself from roommates or family members as much as possible.
- Anyone who has been in close contact with you within 24 hours of your getting sick should contact their health care provider, if they have an underlying health condition.