Course Offerings (Fall 2017)
Credit will not be given for both this course and PHIL 1001. Major works on such themes as appearance and reality, human nature, nature of knowledge, relation of mind and body, right and good, existence of God, and freedom and determinism.
Section 1: MWF 9:30-10:30, Blakley
Section 2: MWF 12:30-1:30, Blakley
Section 3: MWF 1:30-2:30, Blakley
Section 4: TTh 3:00-4:30, Altamirano
Section 5: TTh 1:30-3:00, Parsons
An honors version of PHIL 1000. Credit will not be given for both this course and PHIL 1000. Philosophy starts from the position that we can live better and more worthwhile lives by thinking critically – both about the choices and long terms goals that are immediately present to us personally and about the deeper realities of human existence and reality itself. In this course you will be asked to think critically and write cogently about various positions – your own and those of others – on such problems the nature of mind and intelligence, making moral decisions, the nature and limits of knowledge, the existence of God.
TTh 3:00-4:30, Sirridge
No special background presupposed. Formal and informal reasoning; introduction to propositional logic; formal and informal fallacies; scientific reasoning.
TTh 3:00-4:30, Roland
Classical and recent theories of obligation and value, including works of philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle, Kant, Hume, and Nietzsche; topics including freedom, rights, justification of moral judgments.
Section 1: TTh 12:00-1:30, Altamirano
Section 2: TTh 4:30-6:00N, Altamirano
Section 3: TTh 9:00-10:30, Altamirano
Section 5: MWF 9:30-10:20, Donelson
This course will be divided into three parts, each part will focus on a cluster of questions surrounding a central issue. Part One: We shall begin with a letter that Bill and Melinda Gates wrote to Warrant Buffet. This will give us an idea of nobility, what humanity can accomplish when the will is good. It will also serve as an introduction to Peter Singer’s, The Most Good You Can Do. This book raises questions about how we should live and while living give altruistically (far more than what we normally do); what constitutes effective altruism; who should be the benefactors when we give; and, finally, how far should we be concerned about the prospects of human extinction. Part Two: ‘Dignity’ is of unparalleled significance in Kant’s moral philosophy. Rosen’s Dignity will take us through a brief history of that concept. Dignity plays a crucial role in determining our individual rights (and grants a State the right to protect and enforce those rights). But, says Rosen, much of this misses a very important sense of dignity, namely, the right to be treated with dignity, or proper respect. For example, if I am a dwarf can others throw me around for sport, gambling, or just plain fun – even with my consent? (A French court held that one could not do that; but, the dwarf in question disagreed!) Part Three: We have essential biological techniques for genetic enhancement: We can make designer babies. At the other end, a deaf couple wanted to have a deaf child. “Being deaf is just a way of Life,” they said. They found a sperm donor with five generations of deafness in his family and sure enough their son, Gavin, was born deaf. This caused an uproar. There is, clearly, a profound problem about how far we can go, without being unethical, to ensure human enhancement. Genetic engineering threatens to introduce unfairness (in athletics, for example), injustice (in academic and business worlds), and inequalities (both economic and otherwise). Michael Sandel argues that we ought only to go thus far and no further with genetic engineering. At some point we simply should accept who we are as a gift from Nature. Nick Bostrom and Rebcca Roache, on the other hand, want to push those limits: We have a moral onus, they say, to make ourselves as perfect as we can possibly be.
1. Nick Bostrom and Rebcca Roache, “Ethical Issues in Human Enhancement,” in Jesper Ryberg, Thomas Petersen, and Clark Wolf, editors. New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan, 2008, 120-152.
2. Bill and Melinda Gates, “A Letter to Warren Buffet.” http://fortune.com/2017/02/14/data-sheet-gates-foundation/
3. Michael Rosen, Dignity: Its History and Meaning. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2012.
4. Michael Sandel, The Case against Perfection: Ethics in the Age of Genetic Engineering. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2007.
5. Peter Singer, The Most Good You Can Do: How Effective Altruism Is Changing Ideas About Living Ethically. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2015.
Section 4: TTh 3:00-4:30, Sarkar
Defining health and disease; deciding on rights, duties, and obligations in the patient-physician relationship; abortion and the concept of a person; defining and determining death; euthanasia and the dignity of death; allocation of medical resources, both large-scale and small-scale; experimentation with fetuses, children, prisoners, and animals; genetic testing, screening, and interference.
M 6:00-9:00N, Rolfsen
Introduction to philosophy through a study of some of the main writings of classical and medieval philosophy.
TTh 10:30-12:00, Sirridge
The course is an investigation into ethical responsibility and how it has been conceived of in contemporary French and German philosophy. Ethical theories in the continental European tradition have developed against the background of Nietzsche's critique of morality, and as a result have often been described as a nihilistic enterprise of destruction of values. We will see how they instead elaborate anew the very meaning of ethics, re-engaging its philosophical basis, possibilities and limits. This appears in the question of responsibility, cornerstone of such ethics: Reconstituting a history of the concept of responsibility, we will begin by analyzing how the concept of responsibility has traditionally been identified with accountability, that is, in terms of will, causality, freedom or free-will, and subjectivity. We will then wonder whether there might not be other ways to think responsibility, once the categories just-mentioned are put into question or challenged, in particular in Nietzsche’s work. What would responsibility mean if not thought as the consequence of free-will? If it no longer designates the capacity of a subject to "own" its thoughts and acts? If the category of causality is no longer operative or, at least, rendered problematic? Thus, for example, Sartre finds the origin of ethics and responsibility in the disappearance of a theological foundation for values; Heidegger rethinks the ethical by way of a critique of the metaphysical tradition of ethics and a meditation on human beings’ sojourn on the earth as ethos; Emmanuel Levinas breaks with Kantian universalism and situates ethics in the encounter with the singular other; Derrida questions the limits and aporias of ethics, reconceiving them as the very possibility of ethical decision. We will explore these post-metaphysical senses of ethical responsibility in the works of Nietzsche, Heidegger, Sartre, Levinas, and Derrida.
TTh 4:30-6:30N, Raffoul
Basic themes of existentialist philosophy; the works of Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Jaspers, and Heidegger.
MWF 12:30-1:30, Schufreider
Many of the most important debates in political philosophy and in everyday political discourse center around what the government ought to do. Should it raise taxes or lower them? Should it subsidize healthcare or allow people to buy it themselves? Should it intervene in the domestic affairs of other nations or remain isolationist? Answering any of these questions is made (slightly) easier once we have an answer to a broader question: what is government for. In this class, we will try to answer this question by examining and critiquing answers offered by various political thinkers over the past two millennia in the West.
MWF 1:30-2:20, Donelson
Also offered as GERM 3090. Knowledge of German not required. Major works of Nietzsche studied in the context of the three periods of productivity and evolution of his thought.
MWF 10:30-11:30, Blakley
We will engage in an intensive study of contemporary French Philosophy, following the three major axes of phenomenology, deconstruction(s), and ethics. We will explore these foci by reading major contemporary French philosophers such as Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Jean-Luc Marion, Dominique Janicaud, Jacques Derrida, Jean-Luc Nancy, and Emmanuel Levinas. Themes include: the definition of the phenomenon and phenomenology, essence and existence, givenness and excess, the question of humanism, the rethinking of ethics and responsibility, the other and community, differance and deconstruction, the question of the event. Intellectual movements considered include structuralism and post-structuralism, phenomenology, deconstruction, hermeneutics, and ethics.
TTh 1:30-3:00, Raffoul
Prereq.: PHIL 2010 or consent of instructor. Syntax and basic model theory of classical first order logic; soundness and completeness.
MWF 12:30-1:30, Roland
Also offered as POLI 4098. Ethical theory and its application to politics, domestic and international; ethical issues of public policy and conduct will be examined.
MWF 12:30-1:30, Eubanks
This course is devoted to the study of Plato’s works and thought. The prerequisite is PHIL 2033. The content of the course varies from year to year—in the Fall of 2017 we will focus on the following three themes: (1) knowledge, (2) justice, and (2) the good human life. In investigating these topics, students will also become acquainted with central Platonic doctrines such as the theory of tripartition and the theory of the Forms. We will read a number of dialogues (or excerpts thereof), including the Euthyphro, Meno, Phaedo, Crito, Republic, and Theaetetus.
TTh 10:30-12:00, Parsons
Basic topics and arguments of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.
TTh 12:00-1:30, Cogburn
On January 1, 2017, Derek Parfit – arguably, the greatest moral philosopher of the last hundred years – died. I want to teach this course as a homage to Professor Parfit.
This course will focus on Parfit’s On What Matters, Volume One. (We shall also read two chapters from Volume Two. Volume Three comes out this month together with the companion volume, Does Anything Really Matter?: Parfit on Objectivity, edited by Peter Singer.) We shall focus on Parfit’s revolutionary claim that he can derive consequentialist conclusions from purely deontological and contractualist premises. I call this The Ultimate Derivation thesis. In producing that argument, Parfit has brilliantly covered the vast ground spanned by Kant’s deontological theory, the doctrines of ethical egoism, impartialism, and consequentialism, and the contractualist theories of David Gauthier, John Rawls, and Thomas Scanlon. We shall study them all. If that argument – that crowns the first volume – is sound, Parfit has delivered us an astonishing achievement in moral philosophy. I shall argue that Parfit’s Ultimate Derivation may be in need of defense.
1. Derek Parfit, On What Matters. Volumes One and Two. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
2. Husain Sarkar, Kant and Parfit: The Groundwork of Morals, pp.xvi+487. (Unpublished Manuscript, 2017).
MW 3:00-4:30, Sarkar
While Foucault makes few references to women or gender in his work, feminist philosophers have found his exploration of the relations between power, the body and sexuality productive. Foucault’s work has contributed to feminist critiques of gender essentialism and to accounts of gendered embodiment even as some theorists point to the limitations of Foucauldian theory for emancipatory political projects. Most recently, Foucault’s account of the neoliberal mutation of power—biopolitics—has attracted significant critical attention. The final section of the course will be focused on Foucault's notion of biopower and its development in contemporary feminist theory.
TTh 1:30-3:00, Goldgaber
Departing from Merleau-Ponty's groundbreaking work, Phenomenology of Perception, this course will focus on phenomenological approaches to embodied cognition and perception. In particular, we will examine how multi- and cross-modal perception (touch, taste, sight) constitute our awareness of objects and events and what this may tell us about transcendental questions related to the general form of experience.
TTh 9:00-10:30, Goldgaber