Political Science 7975

Seminar in Comparative Political Behavior

Spring 2004

 

Instructor: Leonard Ray

Classroom:

234 Stubbs Hall

Office: Stubbs 232

Class Time:

M. 1:10  4:00

Telephone: 578-2542

Office Hours:

T. W. Th: 1:00  3:00

Email: lray2@lsu.edu

 

Course Description:

This seminar will survey the literature on comparative political behavior. Political behavior is distinctive in its focus on the actions and attitudes of individuals, rather than the study of rules, institutions, social classes, or other aggregates. Political behavior is also generally studied empirically, often through opinion surveys or analyses of voting behavior. Because of the nature of the available data in this area and the expertise of this instructor, the course focuses on industrialized democracies, especially Europe. Part I will review the literature on attitudes, especially political culture and support for democratic government. Part II focuses on non electoral participation. Part III examines voting behavior. Part IV shifts the emphasis from mass behavior to political elites in parties, legislatures, and the bureaucracy.

Requirements:

This is a seminar course, which means that students are expected to participate actively through class presentations and discussion. This course provides an opportunity to practice the essential skill of oral presentation of ideas. The course will require a substantial amount of reading, which must be completed prior to the class period so that you may participate actively and intelligently.

There is also a substantial writing component for this course. Students will write three short papers analyzing all the readings assigned for three weeks of their choosing. Students will also summarize and present two of the recommended readings to the class. There will also be a research paper due before the end of the term. Students are encouraged to integrate the assigned research paper into their overall research agenda. As such, they may use portions of this paper for other projects, or rewrite and refine a paper from a previous course. However, in both cases, the student should obtain written permission from both instructors before beginning to write the paper. The final exam will be a take home essay exam.

Relative weights of course requirements:

Attendance and Participation 10%

2 Class Presentations 10%

3 Weekly Summaries 10% each

First Literature review 15%

Research Paper or 2nd Literature Review 15%

Take Home Final Exam 20%

 

Plagiarism:

Graduate students are expected to follow professional norms and ethics. All written work submitted for this course must be original, and cannot have been used for a previous or concurrent course without my prior written approval. The unacknowledged use of material written by someone else constitutes plagiarism, and is grounds for a students separation from the university. If you have questions about what constitutes plagiarism, feel free to ask me, or consult the Universitys policy on plagiarism available online at: http://appl015.lsu.edu/slas/judicialaffairs.nsf/$Content/Understanding+and+Avoiding+Plagiarism?OpenDocument.

 

Readings:

Some readings will be drawn from books on reserve in the main library, or for sale at the bookstore. Other readings are taken from journal articles, most of which are available electronically through e-reserves or JSTOR, as well as in hardcopy at the Middleton reserve desk. Students would be wise to make copies of the required reading over the course of the semester, as they will be expected to discuss some of these readings on their final exam, and eventually comprehensive exams.

 

The following books are required for the course:

Michael Lewis Beck. Economics and elections : the major western democracies Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, c1990 ISBN: 0472081330

Robert Putnam, Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy Princeton 1993. ISBN: 0-691-07889-0.

Sidney G. Tarrow. 1998 Power in Movement : Social Movements and Contentious Politics (Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics) 2nd edition Cambridge University Press; ISBN: 0521629470

Pippa Norris ed. 1999. Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-829568-5.

 


Reading Schedule:

Key, B = Available from the Bookstore, R = available in the Middleton Library Reserve Room, JSTOR = Journal Article available online from JSTOR

Jan 26. Introduction

Part I. Attitudes: Political Culture and Regime Support

Feb. 2. Political Culture I: Capacity, Trust, Tolerance, and National Character

Robert Putnam Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy Princeton 1993. Chapters 1, 4, 5, 6. B

Robert Rohrschneider Institutional Learning versus Value Diffusion: The Evolution of Democratic Values among Parliamentarians in Eastern and Western Germany The Journal of Politics, Vol. 58, No. 2. (May, 1996), pp. 422-446 JSTOR

Cross-National Variation in the Political Sophistication of Individuals: Capability or Choice? Stacy B. Gordon, Gary M. Segura The Journal of Politics, Vol. 59, No. 1. (Feb., 1997), pp. 126-147. JSTOR

Lucian W. Pye, Nathan Leites Nuances in Chinese Political Culture Asian Survey, Vol. 22, No. 12. (Dec., 1982), pp. 1147-1165. JSTOR

Samuel H. Barnes, Giacomo Sani Mediterranean Political Culture and Italian Politics: An Interpretation British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 4, No. 3. (Jul., 1974), pp. 289 - 303. JSTOR

Recommended:

Young C. Kim The Concept of Political Culture in Comparative Politics The Journal of Politics, Vol. 26, No. 2. (May, 1964), pp. 313-336. JSTOR

Clark D. Neher Asian Style Democracy Asian Survey, Vol. 34, No. 11. (Nov., 1994), pp. 949-961. JSTOR

Thomas M. Franck Is Personal Freedom a Western Value? American Journal of International Law, Vol. 91, No. 4. (Oct., 1997), pp. 593-627. JSTOR

 

Feb. 9. Political Culture II: The Postmaterialism Debates

Inglehart, Ronald. 1971. The Silent Revolution in Europe: Intergenerational Change in Post-Industrial Societies. American Political Science Review 65, 991-1017. JSTOR

Inglehart, Ronald. 1988. The Renaissance of Political Culture. American Political Science Review 82, 1203-1230. JSTOR

Raymond M. Duch, Michaell A. Taylor Postmaterialism and the Economic Condition American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 37, No. 3. (Aug., 1993), pp. 747-779. JSTOR

Robert W. Jackman, Ross A. Miller 1996 A Renaissance of Political Culture? American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 40, No. 3. (Aug., 1996), pp. 632-659. JSTOR

Darren W. Davis, Kathleen M. Dowley, Brian D. Silver Postmaterialism in World Societies: Is It Really a Value Dimension? American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 43, No. 3. (Jul., 1999), pp. 935-962. JSTOR

Recommended:

Paul R. Abramson, Ronald Inglehart. Education, Security, and Postmaterialism: A Comment on Duch and Taylor's Postmaterialism and the Economic Condition American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 38, No. 3. (Aug., 1994), pp. 797-814. JSTOR

Raymond M. Duch, Michaell A. Taylor. 1994. A Reply to Abramson and Inglehart's Education, Security, and Postmaterialism American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 38, No. 3., pp. 815-824. JSTOR

Jim Granato, Ronald Inglehart, David Leblang Cultural Values, Stable Democracy, and Economic Development: A Reply American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 40, No. 3. (Aug., 1996), pp. 680-696. JSTOR

 

Feb 16. Support for Democratic Regimes: Early Work

Almond, Gabriel, and Sidney Verba. 1963. The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Chs. 1,2,10,11,15. R

David Easton. 1975. A Re-Assessment of the Concept of Political Support British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 5, No. 4., pp. 435-457. JSTOR

Almond, Gabriel, and Sidney Verba. 1980. The Civic Culture Revisited. Boston: Little Brown and Co. Chs. 1,2,10. R

Werner Levi The Fate of Democracy in South and Southeast Asia Far Eastern Survey, Vol. 28, No. 2. (Feb., 1959), pp. 25-29. JSTOR

 

Feb 23. Mardi Gras holiday.

 

First Literature review due March 1.

March 1. Recent Work on Support/ Satisfaction

Pippa Norris ed. Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government. Oxford University Press. B (Chapters 1-4 and 8-10)

Robert Putnam Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy Princeton 1993. Chapters 2 and 3 pp 64-61, and 76-82. B

Gabel. Matthew. 1998 Interests and Integration Michigan University Press. Chapter 2.

Recommended:

Christopher J. Anderson, Christine A. Guillory Political Institutions and Satisfaction with Democracy: A Cross-National Analysis of Consensus and Majoritarian Systems  The American Political Science Review, Vol. 91, No. 1. (Mar., 1997), pp. 66-81. JSTOR

 

Part II. Mass Behavior: Participation, Protest, and Turnout

March 8. Participation and Protest

Samuel Barnes and Max Kaase Political Action: Mass Participation in Five Western Democracies. Sage Publications. (Chapters 1, 2, and 3.) R

Sidney G. Tarrow. 1998 Power in Movement : Social Movements and Contentious Politics (Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics) 2nd edition Cambridge University Press. B

Robert A. Dahl A Democratic Dilemma: System Effectiveness versus Citizen Participation Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 109, No. 1. (Spring, 1994), pp. 23-34. JSTOR

Kitschelt, Herbert. 1986. Political Opportunity Structures and Political Protest British Journal of Political Science 16, 57-86. .JSTOR

Recommended:

Peter McDonough, Doh C. Shin, Jose Alvaro Moises Democratization and Participation: Comparing Spain, Brazil, and Korea The Journal of Politics, Vol. 60, No. 4. (Nov., 1998), pp. 919-953. JSTOR

Stephen G. Brush Dynamics of Theory Change in the Social Sciences: Relative Deprivation and Collective Violence The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 40, No. 4. (Dec., 1996), pp. 523-545 JSTOR

M. Kent Jennings, Ellen Ann Andersen Support for Confrontational Tactics among AIDS Activists: A Study of Intra-Movement Divisions American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 40, No. 2. (May, 1996), pp. 311-334.JSTOR

 

March 15. Why do Voters Vote?

G. Bingham Powell, Jr. American Voter Turnout in Comparative Perspective The American Political Science Review, Vol. 80, No. 1. (Mar., 1986), pp. 17-43. .JSTOR

Robert W. Jackman. 1987. Political Institutions and Voter Turnout in the Industrial Democracies The American Political Science Review, Vol. 81, No. 2. (Jun., 1987), pp. 405-424. .JSTOR

John H. Aldrich (1993) Rational Choice and Turnout American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 37, No. 1. (Feb., 1993), pp. 246-278. .JSTOR

Donald Green and Ian Shapiro. 1994. Pathologies of Rational Choice Theory: A Critique of Applications in Political Science. Chapter 4 .

 

Part III. Mass Behavior: Voter choice

 

March 22. Models of voter behavior I: Sociological and Socialization Models

Seymour Martin Lipset and Stein Rokkan Cleavage Structures, Party Systems, and Voter Alignments Party Systems and Voter Alignments: Cross National Perspectives The Free Press 1967. Ch. 1 R

Russell J. Dalton Cognitive Mobilization and Partisan Dealignment in Advanced Industrial Democracies The Journal of Politics, Vol. 46, No. 1. (Feb., 1984), pp. 264-284. JSTOR

Samuel H. Barnes, Peter McDonough, Antonio Lopez Pina The Development of Partisanship in New Democracies: The Case of Spain American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 29, No. 4. (Nov., 1985), pp. 695-720.JSTOR

Anders Westholm, Richard G. Niemi Political Institutions and Political Socialization: A Cross-National Study Comparative Politics, Vol. 25, No. 1. (Oct., 1992), pp. 25-41. JSTOR

Christopher J. Fleury, Michael S. Lewis-Beck Anchoring the French Voter: Ideology versus Party  The Journal of Politics, Vol. 55, No. 4. (Nov., 1993), pp. 1100-1109. JSTOR

 

Recommended:

Annick Percheron, M. Kent Jennings Political Continuities in French Families: A New Perspective on an Old Controversy Comparative Politics, Vol. 13, No. 4. (Jul., 1981), pp. 421-436. JSTOR

Bradley M. Richardson European Party Loyalties Revisited The American Political Science Review, Vol. 85, No. 3. (Sep., 1991), pp. 751-775. JSTOR

Hans-Dieter Klingemann, Martin P. Wattenberg Decaying versus Developing Party Systems: A Comparison of Party Images in the United States and West Germany British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 22, No. 2. (Apr., 1992), pp. 131-149. . JSTOR

 

March 29. Models of voter behavior II Spatial Models of Issue Voting

Otto A. Davis, Melvin J. Hinich, Peter C. Ordeshook An Expository Development of a Mathematical Model of the Electoral Process The American Political Science Review, Vol. 64, No. 2. (Jun., 1970), pp. 426-448. JSTOR

Stokes, Donald. 1963 Spatial Models of Party Competition, The American Political Science Review, Vol. 57, No. 2. (Jun., 1963), pp. 368-377. JSTOR

Rabinowitz, George and Stuart McDonald. 1989 A Directional Theory of Issue Voting APSR 83: 93-121. JSTOR

Iversen, Torben. 1994. "The Logics of Electoral Politics: Spatial, Directional, and Mobilizational Effects." Comparative Political Studies, 27: 155-189. A

 

Recommended:

Anthony Downs. Economic Theory of Democracy 1957 Chapters 3, 4, 8 R

Anders Westholm 1997 Distance versus Direction: The Illusory Defeat of the Proximity Theory of Electoral Choice The American Political Science Review, Vol. 91, No. 4. (Dec., 1997), pp. 865-883. JSTOR

 

 

April 5 Spring Break.

 

April 12. Models of voter behavior III: Pocketbook Voting

Michael Lewis Beck. Economics and elections : the major western democracies Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, c1990 ISBN: 0472081330 B

G. Bingham Powell, Jr., Guy D. Whitten, A Cross-National Analysis of Economic Voting: Taking Account of the Political Context American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 37, No. 2. (May, 1993), pp. 391-414. A

 

 

Part III. Elite Political Behavior

 

April 19. Elite Recruitment and Socialization

Chong Lim Kim, Samuel C. Patterson Parliamentary Elite Integration in Six Nations Comparative Politics, Vol. 20, No. 4. (Jul., 1988), pp. 379-399. JSTOR

John L. Sullivan, Pat Walsh, Michal Shamir, David G. Barnum, James L. Gibson Why Politicians Are More Tolerant: Selective Recruitment and Socialization among Political Elites in Britain, Israel, New Zealand and the United States British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 23, No. 1. (Jan., 1993), pp. 51-76. JSTOR

Martin Holland British Political Recruitment: Labour in the Euro-Elections of 1979 British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 17, No. 1. (Jan., 1987), pp. 53-70. JSTOR

 

Recommended:

Mark Kesselman Recruitment of Rival Party Activists in France: Party Cleavages and Cultural Differentiation The Journal of Politics, Vol. 35, No. 1. (Feb., 1973), pp. 2-44. JSTOR

 

 

April 26. Politics within Parties.

Robert Michels Political Parties 1915

Part Two Chapters IV, VII

Part Six, Chapter II R

Herbert Kitschelt The Logics of Party Formation Ecological Politics in Belgium and West Germany Cornell University Press 1989.

Chapter 6 R

Andrew Appleton "The Formal versus Informal Rules of French Political Parties" in Kay Lawson ed. How Political Parties Work: Perspectives from Within. Praeger 1994 R

Reccomended:

Kaare Strom "A Behavioral Theory of Competitive Political Parties" American Journal of Political Science, 34: 565-98. A

 

May 3. Legislative and Bureaucratic Behavior

Donley T. Studlar, Ian McAllister Constituency Activity and Representational Roles among Australian Legislators The Journal of Politics, Vol. 58, No. 1. (Feb., 1996), pp. 69-90. JSTOR

Robert Putnam Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy Princeton 1993. Chapter 2. B

Shigeko N. Fukai, Haruhiro Fukui Introducing Japan into the Comparative Politics Curriculum: Elite Recruitment and Political Leadership PS: Political Science and Politics, Vol. 25, No. 1. (Mar., 1992), pp. 25-36.JSTOR

Liesbet Hooghe. 2000. Euro-Socialists or Euro-Marketeers? EU Top Officials on Capitalism The Journal of Politics, Vol. 62, No. 2. (May, 2000), pp. 430-454.

 

Recommended:

The Electoral System and Constituency-Oriented Activity in the European Parliament Edward L. Scholl International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 30, No. 3. (Sep., 1986), pp. 315-332. JSTOR

 

Research Paper or 2nd Literature Review due May 7.

 

Final Exam hand in by 4:30 PM May 13.