Kam-Biu Liu

Kam-biu Liu

Position: Professor and ChairGeorge W. Barineau III Professor, Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences

Phone: 225-578-8203

Fax: 225-578-6423

E-mail: kliu1@lsu.edu

Website: http://www.oceanography.lsu.edu/liu/paleoecology_web/index_files/

Office: 1002Y Energy, Coast and Environment Building

Bachelor's Degree(s): B.Sc. The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1974

Master's Degrees(s): M.S. University of Toronto, 1978

Ph.D.(s): Ph.D. University of Toronto, 1982

Research Interests:

Thematic: paleotempestology, coastal paleoecology, global environmental change, palynology and lake-sediments

Regional: U.S. Gulf coast and Atlantic coast, Caribbean region and Central America, South America (Andes and Amazon Basin), Tibetan Plateau, China

Classes Taught:

OCS/ENVS 4600. Global Environmental Change: Past, Present, and Future
OCS 3200. Hurricanes and Typhoons

Awards & Honors:

2019      LSU Distinguished Research Master Award

2018      Life-time Achievement Award, Paleoenvironmental Change Specialty Group, American Association of Geographers (AAG)

2013       LSU Rainmaker (Senior Scholar Award)

2010       Outstanding Faculty Teaching Award, LSU School of Coast and Environment

2008       LSU Rainmaker

2004       LSU Distinguished Faculty Award

2001       LSU Tiger Athletic Foundation Undergraduate Teaching Award

1983       Warren Nystrom Award, Association of American Geographers (AAG)


2017-20  National Science Foundation (NSF), research grant ($299,262), Geography and Spatial Sciences Program, BCS-1759715. “Holocene biogeography of mangroves along the Gulf of Mexico coast: Past, present, and future”. (PI: Kam-biu Liu)

2017-20  National Science Foundation (NSF), research grant ($269,590), Geomorphology and Land Use Dynamics program, EAR-1745741. “Collaborative Research: A multi-technique approach for deconvolving tropical cyclone effects on Late Quaternary geomorphic change in arid southwestern North America”. (PI: Kam-biu Liu; collaborative PIs: Jose Luis Antinao, Indiana Geological Survey; Eric V. McDonald, Nevada Desert Research Institute; total award for LSU, IU, and DRI: $746,736)

2017-19  National Science Foundation (NSF), research grant ($49,876), Geomorphology and Landuse Dynamics Program, EAR-1803035. “RAPID: Collaborative Research: Tracking Hurricane Harvey's Storm Surge and Flood Sedimentation”. (PI: Kam-biu Liu; collaborative PI: Harry Williams, University of North Texas)

2017-19  National Science Foundation (NSF), Doctoral dissertation research improvement (DDRI) grant ($15,806), Geography and Regional Science Program, BCS-1735723. “Doctoral Dissertation Research: Reconstructing Hurricane Activity in the Northern Gulf of Mexico: A Novel Approach Using Biomarkers and Stable Isotopes”. (PI: Kam-biu Liu, co-PI: Marianne Dietz, Ph.D. student)

2014-17 Louisiana Sea Grant ($170,645). “Response of Louisiana black mangrove to climate changes: Learning from the past to predict the future”. (PI: Kam-biu Liu).

2012-17 National Science Foundation (NSF), research grant ($1,499,935), Dynamics of Coupled Natural and Human Systems (CNH) Program, BCS-1212112. “CNH: Coupled Natural- Human Dynamics in a Vulnerable Coastal System”. (PI: Nina Lam; co-PIs: Kam-biu Liu, Victor Rivera-Monroy, Margaret Reams, YiJun Xu, Kelley Pace, David Dismukes).

2013-14 National Science Foundation (NSF), Doctoral dissertation research improvement (DDRI) grant ($15,688), Geography and Regional Science Program, BCS-1303114. “Multi-proxy paleoecological records from the Shark River Estuary, Everglades, Florida: Wetland evolution in the light of paleo-hurricane activity and sea-level changes” (PI: Kam-biu Liu; co-PI: Qiang Yao, Ph.D. student)

2012-15 Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI), research grant ($299,902), CRN2050 amendment, “Towards a better understanding of Caribbean and ENP hurricane activities: Targeted enhancement to CRN2050”. (PI: Kam-biu Liu; co-PIs: Nina Lam, Sam Bentley).

2010-13 National Science Foundation (NSF), research grant ($124,114), Geography & Regional Science Program, BCS-0964043. “Collaborative Research: Long-term dynamics of Caribbean maritime forest ecosystems in the context of major disturbance events: The role of hurricanes and fires”. (PI: Kam-biu Liu; collaborative PI: Lisa Kennedy, Virginia Tech., total award for LSU and VT: $309,992).

2010-12 National Science Foundation (NSF), Doctoral dissertation research improvement (DDRI) grant ($11,800), Geography and Regional Science Program, BCS-1003654. “Paleohurricane proxy records from the Pacific Coast of Mexico” (PI: Kam-biu Liu; co-PI: Tom Bianchette, Ph.D. student).

2009-11 Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI) ($120,000). “Paleotempestology of Eastern North Pacific (ENP) hurricanes along the Pacific coast of Mexico”, addendum to grant agreement CRN II 050. (PI: Kam-biu Liu).

2008-12 LSU Graduate School, Economic Development Assistantship (EDA), ($100,000). “Paleotempestology-based hurricane risk assessment for Louisiana”. (PI: Kam-biu Liu).

2008-2009 DOE National Institute for Climate Change Research – Effects of past and recent hurricanes on Gulf Coast ecosystems: implications for future climate changes (PI K.B. Liu, Co-PIs N. Lam and W.J. Platt).

2006-2011 Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research – Paleotempestology of the Caribbean region: a multi-proxy, multi-site study of the spatial and temporal variability of Caribbean hurricane activity (PI K.B. Liu, Co-PIs N. Lam and 11 other scientists from four different countries in the Americas).

2006-2008 National Science Foundation – Collaborative research: Bioclimatic reconstruction of the past 50,000 years from eolian sequences in westerlies-dominated Central Asia (PIs K.B. Liu and Z.D. Feng).

2006-2008 National Science Foundation (Doctoral dissertation research improvement) – Proxy records of palohurricane activities for the western and southern Caribbean (PI K.B. Liu, Co-PI T. McCloskey).

2006-2008 National Science Foundation (Doctoral dissertation research improvement) – Tracking Donna across the northern Caribbean: developing a modern analog methodology for paleotempestology (PI K.B. Liu, Co-PI J. Knowles).

2006-2007 National Science Foundation – Do hurricanes spur responses of coastal communities to changing sea level? (PI W.J. Platt, Co-PIs K.B. Liu, J. Whitbeck, and L. Battaglia).

2006-2008 National Science Foundation – Paleoclimatic change, landscape evolution, and cultural transformations in far western Tibet (PI M.S. Aldenderfer, Co-PI J. Overpeck, J. Cole, J. Pelletier, and K.B. Liu).

2005-2008 National Science Foundation – Collaborative research: an integrative study of vulnerability and cultural response to hurricane hazards among indigenous populations on the Miskito coast of Honduras and Nicaragua (PI K.B. Liu, Co-PIs C.A. Reese and D. Cochran).

Selected Publications:

Xu, Y.J., Lam, N.S.-N., and Liu, K.B. (eds.), 2018. Resilience and Sustainability of the Mississippi River Delta as a Coupled Natural-Human System, MDPI, Basel, Switzerland, 268 pages.

Nolan, C., Overpeck, J.T., Allen, J.R.M., (and 39 other co-authors including Liu, K.B.), 2018. “Past and future global transformation of terrestrial ecosystems under climate change”, Science 361: 920-923.

Dietz, M.E., Liu, K.B., and Bianchette, T.A., 2018. "Hurricanes as a Major Driver of Coastal Erosion in the Mississippi River Delta: A Multi-Decadal Analysis of Shoreline Retreat Rates at Bay Champagne, Louisiana (USA)", Water 10: 1480; doi:10.3390/w10101480.

McCloskey, T.A., Smith, C.G., Liu, K.B., and Nelson, P.R., 2018. “The effects of tropical cyclone-generated deposition on the sustainability of the Pearl River Marsh, Louisiana: The importance of the geologic framework”, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 6:179. Doi: 10.3389/fevo.2018.00179.

Yao, Q. and Liu, K.B., 2018. “Changes in modern pollen assemblages and soil geochemistry along coastal environmental gradients in the Everglades of South Florida”, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 5:178. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2017.00178.

Yao, Q., Liu, K.B., and Ryu, J., 2018. “Multi-proxy characterization of Hurricanes Rita and Ike storm deposits in the Rockefeller Wildlife Refuge, southwestern Louisiana”. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue 85: 841-845.

Ryu, J., Bianchette, T.A., Liu, K.B., Yao, Q., and Maiti, K., 2018. “Palynological and geochemical records of environmental changes in a Taxodium swamp near Lake Pontchartrain in southern Louisiana (USA) during the last 150 years”. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue 85: 381-385.

Xu, Y.J., Lam, N.S.-N., and Liu, K.B., 2018. “Assessing Resilience and Sustainability of the Mississippi River Delta as a Coupled Natural-Human System”, Water 10, 1317, doi: 10.3390/w10101317

Lam, N.S.-N., Xu, Y.J., and Liu, K.B., Dismukes, D.E., Reams, M., Pace, R.K., Pace, Qiang, Y., Narra, S., Li, K., Bianchette, T.A., Cai, H., Zou, L., and Mihunov, V., 2018. “Understanding the Mississippi River Delta as a Coupled Natural-Human System: Research Methods, Challenges, and Prospects”, Water 10, 1054, doi: 10.3390/w10081054

McCloskey, T.A., Smith, C.G., Liu, K.B., Marot, M., and Haller, C., 2018. “How could a freshwater swamp produce a XRF chemical signature characteristic of a saltmarsh?”  ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 2: 9-20. DOI: 10.1021/acsearthspacechem.7b00098

Zhang, Z.Q., Liu, K.B., Bianchette, T.A., and Wang, G.P., 2018. “The mid-Holocene decline of the East Asian summer monsoon indicated by a lake-to-wetland transition in the Sanjiang Plain, Northeast China”, The Holocene 28: 246-253. DOI:10.1177/0959683617721321.

LeBlanc, A.R., Kennedy, L.M., Liu, K.B., and Lane, C.S., 2017. “Linking hurricane landfalls, precipitation variability, fires, and vegetation response over the past millennium from analysis of coastal lagoon sediments, southwestern Dominican Republic”, Journal of Paleolimnology doi:10.1007/s10933-017-9965-z

Lane, C.S., Hildebrandt, B., Kennedy, L.M., LeBlanc, A.R., Liu, K.B., Wagner, A.J., and Hawkes, A.D., 2017. “Verification of tropical storm deposits with oxygen isotope analyses of coeval ostracod valves”, Journal of Paleolimnology 57: 245-255.

Yao, Q. and Liu, K.B., 2017. “Dynamics of marsh-mangrove ecotone since the mid-Holocene: A palynological study of mangrove encroachment and sea level rise in the Shark River Estuary, Florida”, PLoS ONE 12(3): e0173670. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0173670.

Bianchette, T.A., McCloskey, T.A., and Liu, K.B., 2017. “A 7000-year history of coastal environmental changes from Mexico’s Pacific coast: A multi-proxy record from Laguna Mitla, Guerrero”, The Holocene, DOI: 10.1177/0959683616687379

Baldini, L.M., Baldini, J.U.L., McElwaine, J., Frappier, A.B., Asmerom, Y., Liu, K.B., Prufer, K., Ridley, H.E., Polyak, V., Kennett, D.J., Macpherson, C.G., Aquino, V.V., Awe, J., and Breitenbach, S.F.M., 2016. “Persistent northward North Atlantic tropical cyclone track migration over the past five centuries”, Scientific Reports 6:37522, doi: 10:1038/srep37522

Conroy, J.L., Hudson, A.M., Overpeck, J.T., Liu, K.B., Wang, L., and Cole, J.E., 2016. “The primacy of multidecadal to centennial variability over late-Holocene forced change of the Asian Monsoon on the southern Tibetan Plateau”, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 458: 337-348.

Bianchette, T.A., McCloskey, T.A., and Liu, K.B., 2016, “Re-Evaluating the Geological Evidence for Late Holocene Marine Incursion Events along the Guerrero Seismic Gap on the Pacific Coast of Mexico”, PLoS ONE 11(8): Article Number: e0161568; DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0161568

Figueroa-Rangel, B.L., Valle-Martínez, A., Olvera-Vargas, M., and Liu, K.B., 2016. “Environmental history of mangrove vegetation in Pacific west-central Mexico during the last 1300 years”, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 4: 101. Doi: 10.3389/fevo.2016.00101

Yang, S.X., Liu, K.B., Yi, S., Ye, S.Y., Li, J., Yuan, H.M., Zhao, G.M., Pei, S.F., He, L., and Ding, X.G., 2016. “Distribution and provenance of modern pollen and spores in the surface sediments of Liaodong Bay, China”, Marine Geology 376: 1-14.

Bianchette, T.A., Liu, K.B., Qiang, Y., and Lam, N.S.N., 2016. “Wetland accretion rates along coastal Louisiana: Spatial and temporal variability in light of Hurricane Isaac’s impacts”, Water 8(1): doi:10.3390/w8010001

Yao, Q., Liu, K.B., Platt, W.J., and River-Monroy, V.H., 2015. “Palynological reconstruction of environmental changes in coastal wetlands of the Florida Everglades since the mid-Holocene”, Quaternary Research 83: 449-458.

Liu, K.B., McCloskey, T.A., Bianchette, T.A., Keller, G., Lam, N.S.N., Cable, J.E, and Arriola, J., 2014. “Hurricane Isaac storm surge deposition in a coastal wetland along Lake Pontchartrain, southern Louisiana”, Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue 70: 266-271.

Liu K.B., 2013. “Paleotempestology”. In: Elias S.A. (ed.). The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, Vol. 3, Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 209-221.

Conroy, J.L., Overpeck, J.T., Cole, J.E., Liu, K.B., Wang, L., and Ducea, M.N., 2013. “Dust and temperature influences on glaciofluvial deposition in southwestern Tibet during the last millennium”, Global and Planetary Change 107: 132-144.

McCloskey, T.A. and Liu, K.B., 2013. “A 7000 year record of paleohurricane activity from a coastal wetland in Belize”, The Holocene 23(2): 278-291.

McCloskey, T.A. and Liu, K.B., 2012. “A sedimentary-based history of hurricane strikes on the southern Caribbean coast of Nicaragua”, Quaternary Research 78: 454-464.

Liu, K.B., Li, C.Y., Bianchette, T.A., McCloskey, T.A., Yao, Q., and Weeks, E., 2011. “Storm deposition in a coastal backbarrier lake in Louisiana caused by Hurricanes Gustav and Ike”. Journal of Coastal Research, SI 64: 1866-1870.

Lu, H.Y., Wu, N.Q., Liu, K.B., Zhu, L.P., Yang, X.D., Yao, T.D., Wang, L., Li, Q., Liu, X.Q., Shen, C.M., Li, X.Q., Tong, G.B., and Jiang, H., 2011. “Modern pollen distributions in Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and the development of transfer functions for reconstructing Holocene environmental changes”, Quaternary Science Reviews 30: 947-966.

Liu, K.B., Lu, H.Y., and Shen, C.M., 2009. “Some fundamental misconceptions about paleotempestology”, Quaternary Research 71: 253-254.

Cochran, D.M., Reese, C.A., and Liu, K.B., 2009. “Tropical Storm Gamma and the Mosquitia of eastern Honduras: A little-known story from the 2005 hurricane season”, Area 41: 425-434.

Kiage, L.M., and Liu, K.B., 2009. “Paleoenvironmental changes in the Lake Baringo Basin, Kenya, East Africa since ca. AD 1650: Evidence from the paleorecord”, Professional Geographer 61: 438-458.

Lu, H.Y., Zhang, J.P., Liu, K.B., Wu, N.Q., et al., 2009. “Earliest domestication of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) in East Asia extended to 10,000 years ago”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 106(18): 7367-7372.

Lu, H.Y., Zhang, J.P., Wu, N.Q., Liu, K.B., Xu, D.K., and Li, Q., 2009. “Phytolith analysis for the discrimination of Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) and Common millet (Panicum miliaceum)”, PLoS ONE 4(2): e4448. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004448.

Kiage, L.M., and Liu, K.B., 2009. “Palynological evidence of climate change and land degradation in the Lake Baringo area, Kenya, East Africa, since AD 1650”, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 279: 60-72.

Bianchette, T.A., Liu, K.B., Lam, N.S-N., and Kiage, L.M., 2009. “Ecological Impacts of Hurricane Ivan on the Gulf Coast of Alabama: A Remote Sensing Study”, Journal of Coastal Research, SI 56: 1622-1526.

Lam, N.S.-N., Arenas, H., Li, Z., and Liu, K.B., 2009. “An estimate of population impacted by climate change along the U. S. coast”, Journal of Coastal Research, SI 56: 1522-1526.

Tang, L.Y., Shen, C.M., Li, C.H., Peng, J.L., Liu, H., Liu, K.B., Morrill, C., Overpeck, J.T., Cole, J.E., and Yang, B., 2009. “Pollen-inferred vegetation and environmental changes in the central Tibetan Plateau since 8200 year BP”, Science in China, Series D: Earth Sciences 52(8): 1104-1114.

Liu, K.B., H.Y. Lu, and C. M. Shen. 2008. A 1,200-year proxy record of hurricanes and fires from the Gulf of Mexico coast: testing the hypothesis of hurricane-fire interactions. Quaternary Research 69:29-41.

Elsner, J.B., T.H. Jagger, and K.B. Liu. 2008. Comparison of hurricane return levels using historical and geological records. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 47:368-374.

Liu, K.B. 2007. Uncovering prehistoric hurricane activity. American Scientist 95:126- 133.

Liu, K.B. 2007. Paleotempestology. in S. Elias. Ed. Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science. Elsevier, Amsterdam. Pp. 1974-1985.

Liu, K.B., C.A. Reese, and L.G. Thompson. 2007. A potential pollen proxy for ENSO derived from the Sajama ice core. Geophysical Research Letters 34, L09504.

Kiage, L.M., K.B. Liu, N. Walker, N.S. Lam, and O. Huh. 2007. Recent land-cover/use change associated with land degradation in the Lake Baringo catchment, Kenya, East Africa: evidence from Landsat TM and ETM+. International Journal of Remote Sensing 28:4285-4309.

Lu, H.-Y., N.-Q. Wu, K.B. Liu, H. Jiang, and T.-S. Liu. 2007. Phytoliths as quantitative indicators for the reconstruction of past environmental conditions in China II: palaeoenvironmental reconstruction in the Loess Plateau. Quaternary Science Reviews 26:759-772.

Feng, Z.D., X.W. Zhai, Y.Z. Ma, C.Q. Huang, W.G. Wang, H.C. Zhang, P. Khosbayar, T. Narantsetseg, K.B. Liu, and N.W. Rutter. 2007. Eolian environmental changes in the northern Mongolian plateau during the past ~ 35,000 yr. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 245:505-517.

Kiage, L.M. and K.B. Liu. 2006. Late Quaternary paleoenvironmental changes in east Africa: a review of multi-proxy evidence from palynology, lake sediments, and associated records. Progress in Physical Geography 30:633-658.

Lu, H.Y., X.Y. Yang, M.L. Ye, K.B. Liu, Z.K. Xia, X.Y. Ren, L.H. Cai, N.Q. Wu, and T.S. Liu. 2005. Millet noodles in Late Neolithic China. Nature 437:967-968.