Blooms Taxonomy for Educators

Blooms for FacultyIncrease Student Performance

Bloom’s Taxonomy is a practical model that classifies thinking into six levels of complexity. It is a useful tool to help clarify learning goals and structure assessments. Each level has associated action words that can be used to assess and guide outcomes.

To enhance instruction with Bloom’s Taxonomy

  • Create specific, measurable and achievable course objectives.
  • Align instruction to assessment.
  • Ensure tests have a mixture of surface and deep-level items.
  • Give students insight for test preparation.

The pyramid

  • CREATE - Combine elements to form coherent or functional whole. Use inventiveness and originality.
    design, hypothesize, invent, develop, estimate, theorize, elaborate, test, improve, originate

  • EVALUATE - Judge, criticize and assess to make decisions and support views.
    judge, critique, justify, recommend, criticize, assess, disprove, rate, resolve

  • ANALYZE - Break material into components, illustrate relationships, recognize unstated assumptions, use logical reasoning and note relevancy to data.
    attribute, compare, deconstruct, organize, structure, chart, graph, report

  • APPLY - Make connections, solve problems and make abstract ideas practical situations.
    demonstrate, construct, build, experiment, implement, execute

  • UNDERSTAND - Rephrase information to construct meaning.
    paraphrase, summarize, translate, infer, explain, interpret, classify, illustrate

  • REMEMBER - Maintain basic knowledge through rote learning or memorization.
    describe, find, identify, list, locate, name, recognize, retrieve