Travel Industry Association of America's
Economic Impact of Travel on Louisiana
Domestic Traveler Expenditures
This information was collected from the
research department of the Travel Industry Association
of America (TIA) for the Louisiana Office of Tourism.
The tables and graphs provide domestic traveler expenditures
in Louisiana, as well as the employment, payroll income,
and state and local tax revenue directly generated by
these expenditures. The numbers are expressed in current
dollars and have not been adjusted for inflation.
Figures for years 1995 through 2001 are
actual numbers, but those for year 2002 are estimates
that will be replaced by actual figures at a later date.
Complete economic impact reports for the years covered
by the following data are available from Mark Northington,
Louisiana Department of Culture, Recreation & Tourism,
225-342-8144. The Economic Impact
reports since 1999 are available online.
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Tourism — generally
avoided in this study, this can be used to refer to pleasure
or personal travel, a subset of travel
Travel — the act
of taking a “trip”
person taking the “trip”
Travel Expenditure —
the exchange of money or the promise of money for goods
or service while traveling, including any advance purchase
of public transportation tickets, lodging or other items
normally considered incidental to travel, but which may
be purchased in advance of the trip. In addition, certain
of the “fixed” or capitol costs of owning
a motor vehicle (including campers, motor homes, etc.)
or a vacation or second home are included as associated
with taking a trip.
Generally, expenditures are assumed to take place at the
point where the good or service is bought while traveling.
The two exceptions to this rule are that the fixed costs
of operating a motor vehicle while on a trip are allocated
to the traveler’s area of residence, and the “imputed
rent” of spending nights in the traveler’s
own vacation home is allocated to the area visited.
Travel-Generated Employment —
the number of jobs attributable to travel expenditures
in an area.
These estimates of employment follow the “establishment
payroll survey definition” rather than the “household
survey definition.” Consequently, the TEIM (Travel
Economic Impact Model) estimates are more closely related
to the number of jobs than to the number of employees.
For a detailed description of the household and establishment
survey differences see Green, Gloria P., “Comparing
Employment Estimates from Household and Payroll Surveys,”
Monthly Labor Review, Volume 92, No. 12, December, 1969.
Travel-Generated Payroll —
the payroll, or wage and salary income, attributable
to travel expenditures in an area. Payroll includes all
forms of compensation, such as salaries, wages, commissions,
bonuses, vacations allowances, sick leave pay, and the
value of payments in kind (such as free meals and lodgings)
paid during the year to all employees. Trips and gratuities
received by employees from patrons and reported to employers
are included. For corporations, it includes amounts paid
to officers and executives; for unincorporated businesses,
it does not include profit or other compensation of proprietors
or partners. Payroll is reported before deductions for
social security, income tax, insurance, union dues, etc.
Travel-Generated Tax Receipts —
federal, state, and local tax revenues attribute
to travel in an area. For a given state locality, all
or some of the taxes may apply. “Local” includes
parish, city, or municipality, and township units of government
actually collecting the receipts, and not the level that
may end up receiving it through intergovernmental transfers.
State Tax Receipts —
include corporate income taxes, individual income taxes,
employment taxes, sales and gross receipt taxes, and excise
Local Tax Receipts —
include parish and city receipts from individual and corporate
income taxes, sales, excise and gross receipts taxes,
and property taxes.
Trips — occurs,
for the purpose of the model, every time one or more persons
goes to a place 50 miles or more, each way, from home
in one day , or is out of town one or more nights in paid
accommodations, and returns to his/her origin. Specifically
excluded from this definition are: (1) travel as part
of an operating crew on a train, plane, bus, truck, or
ship; (2) commuting to a place of work; (3) student trips
to school or those taken while in school.
Download Preface & Glossary of Terms:
( 73KB PDF file)
List of Parishes