A collection of federal law and executive orders make it illegal to discriminate in the terms and conditions of employment based on one or more of the following characteristics:
Treating someone less favorably because their age is over 40.
Treating someone unfavorably because of skin color or complexion; because the person is married to or associated with a person of a certain race color; or a person's connection with a race-based organization or group that is generally associated with people of a certain color.
Treating a qualified individual with a disability unfavorably because they have a disability.
Treating someone unfavorably because of their a person's sense of identification with either the male or the female sex, as manifested in appearance, behavior, and other aspects of the person's life.
Treating someone unfavorably based on their genetic information, or requesting, requiring, purchasing or disclosing genetic information.
National or Ethnic Origin
Treating people unfavorably because they are from a particular country or part of the world; because of ethnicity or accent; or because they appear to be of a certain ethnic background (even if they are not).
Treating a female (an applicant or employee) unfavorably because of pregnancy, childbirth, or a medical condition related to pregnancy or childbirth.
Treating someone unfavorably because he/she is of a certain race or because of personal characteristics associated with race, such as hair texture, skin color, or certain facial features.
Treating a person unfavorably because of his or her religious beliefs; because that person is married to (or associated with) an individual of a particular religion; or because of his or her connection with a religious organization or group.
Treating someone unfavorably because of that person's sex.
Treating someone unfavorably because of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity; or because they are gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgendered, pansexual or polysexual.
Use of Family and Medical Leave
Treating someone unfavorably due to their eligibility for unpaid, job-protected leave for specified family and medical reasons with continuation of group health insurance coverage under the same terms and conditions as if the employee had not taken leave.
Treating job applicant or employees unfavorably because of military status. Federal contractors and subcontractors (those who receive government funds) are required to take affirmative action to employ and advance in employment qualified Vietnam era veterans who served on active duty during a war, or in a campaign or expedition for which a campaign or badge has been authorized.