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COLLEGE OF Basic Sciences

KEVIN R. CARMAN
Dean

GARY R. BYERLY,
Richard R. and Betty S. Fenton Alumni Professor Associate Dean for Student Services

FRED A. RAINEY
Associate Dean for Finance and Administration

MARTHA A. CEDOTAL
Senior Assistant Dean for Student Services

SARA MARCHIAFAVA
Senior Assistant Dean for Finance and Administration

KARLA LEMOINE
Assistant to the Dean

ROBBY S. BOWEN
Counselor

ASHLEY JUNEK
Counselor

338 Choppin Hall
225-578-4200
FAX 225-578-8826
WEB SITE • science.lsu.edu

The College of Basic Sciences offers preparation for careers in biochemistry, biological sciences, chemistry, computer science, geology and geophysics, microbiology, and physics and astronomy. Students are also provided with strong academic backgrounds for professional study in medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, and many other careers that require in-depth study of science.

The departments within the college, the various curricula, and the degrees that may be earned are shown in the following chart. These curricula provide broad general education as well as knowledge of the structure of science. Students in the college may also choose curricula that provide premedical or predental preparation, including curricula in biochemistry, biological sciences, chemistry with a preprofessional concentration, computer science with a life sciences concentration, and physics with a medical physics concentration. Classroom and laboratory study may be supplemented by contact with active research programs.

The Department of Computer Science offers work leading to the bachelor's and doctoral degrees in computer science and is a participating department in the University's graduate program leading to the Master of Science in Systems Science degree. The other departments of the college offer work leading to the bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees.

For specific information concerning undergraduate degree programs, refer to the curricula offered by the departments on the following pages. Detailed information about graduate degree programs may be obtained from the Graduate Bulletin.

ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS

Students who contemplate entering this college should give special attention to the mathematics and science courses they select and should consult a representative of the department they plan to enter prior to completing their initial registration. Students will be admitted to the college when they:

Transfer students from other accredited colleges or universities will be permitted to enter the college when they: (1) present, by means of an official transcript, evidence that they have met the current admission requirements of the University and the senior college; and (2) receive approval of the dean of the college.

Students who, after initial enrollment in this college, wish to obtain credits from colleges or universities other than LSU and who plan to offer such credits toward their degree requirements must obtain prior approval from the dean on a specific-course basis.

STUDENT RESPONSIBILITY

Students in this college bear final responsibility for selection of their academic programs and adherence to all published regulations and requirements of the college and the University. Each student must see his or her counselor in the college office for a final degree checkout during the semester prior to the semester in which the degree is to be awarded.

CORRESPONDENCE, EXTENSION, AND INTERSESSION CREDIT

Correspondence and extension credit may be accepted toward meeting degree requirements only with approval of the dean of the college and may not exceed a total of 12 hours.

Students in the College of Basic Sciences may not register for more than three semester hours of credit during Intersession without approval of the dean.

Students in residence may take courses by correspondence only in exceptional cases (e.g., conflicts between single sections of required courses) and with specific approval of the dean of the college.

Students may not be enrolled in correspondence course work the semester they intend to graduate.

COLLEGE OF BASIC SCIENCES • UNDERGRADUATE DEGREES
Departments Curricula Degrees
Biological Sciences Biochemistry Bachelor of Science
Biological Sciences
Microbiology
Chemistry Chemistry
Computer Science Computer Science
Geology & Geophysics Geology Bachelor of Science in Geology
Physics & Astronomy Physics Bachelor of Science

DEGREE REQUIREMENTS OF THE COLLEGE

The college offers the bachelor's degree in several curricula designed to give students a thorough education in a particular scientific discipline. In addition, a core of material representing a broad exposure to the human cultural heritage is an integral part of the curricula in the college. That core consists of the following course work.

English • Twelve semester hours including ENGL 1001 and 2000 and six hours chosen from English courses on the general education humanities list or Honors 2002, 2004, 2012, 2013, 2202, 2204, 3001, 3003.

Mathematics • A minimum of five semester hours of calculus (Mathematics 1550). Some curricula require additional credits in mathematics. Degree credit will not be allowed for mathematics courses numbered below 1550.

Foreign Language • Students may satisfy the college foreign language requirement by passing eight to 10 semester hours in a single foreign language. Ordinarily, courses numbered 1001 and 1002, or 1101 and 1102, or 1001 and 2051 are chosen. For example, students choosing Russian will take RUSS 1001 and 1002 (10 semester hours), but students choosing French will take FREN 1001 and 1002 (8 semester hours) and the additional two semester hours will be added to free electives.

International students whose native language is not English and who did not attend an English-speaking high school may satisfy the foreign language requirement as follows:

Sciences • Fourteen hours including two semesters of study in the biological sciences, and a year-course in a physical science. Either the biological or physical sciences must include laboratory credits. Courses selected to meet this requirement must be chosen from courses offered by departments in the College of Basic Sciences.

Social Sciences and Humanities • Fifteen semester hours in most curricula of the college. These hours are in addition to the English and foreign language requirements described above. Nine to 12 hours of the required social sciences/humanities courses must be chosen from the list of general education courses in the following way: three hours in the arts, three hours in the humanities (depending on the curriculum), and six hours in the social sciences.

Following is a listing of the more important academic policies of the college offered to guide students toward degrees.

MINOR FIELD REQUIREMENTS (OPTIONAL)

A student in the College of Basic Sciences may earn a minor in a second field under the following conditions:

The department offering the minor may impose additional requirements; the specific requirements of the department must be stated in the catalog.

Students in other colleges who wish to obtain a minor in one of the departments of the College of Basic Sciences must meet the same requirements listed above.

COLLEGE PROBATION

A student in the College of Basic Sciences who fails to earn a 2.00 semester average in a regular semester or a summer term will be placed on college probation. In addition, students who fail to meet the college academic requirements noted in the section on degree requirements, or who enter the college with deficiencies may be placed on college probation. At the discretion of the dean, a student who is on college probation and fails to meet the academic requirements, including earning a 2.00 or better semester average, may be declared ineligible to continue in the college. A student on college probation who does earn a 2.00 or better semester gpa, who remediates course deficiencies, and who makes satisfactory progress in the degree program will be removed from college probation.

PREMEDICAL AND PREDENTAL COUNSELING

Counselors are available to help students with applications to medical and dental schools. This application process begins one and one-half years prior to professional school entry. Information regarding the Premedical/Predental Program at LSU and the professional school application process is available at the following Web site: science.lsu.edu.premedical.htm.

The College of Basic Sciences sponsors a Premedical/Predental Review Committee that provides letters of evaluation for LSU students applying to professional schools. Students wishing to use the services of the LSU Premedical/Predental Review Committee must: (1) have a minimum 3.0 overall and science gpa, (2) have been enrolled at LSU-Baton Rouge as a full time student for the two semesters preceding the committee review, (3) attend mandatory informational meetings, and (4) meet all registration deadlines.

Further information about the committee procedures and requirements may be obtained in the Dean’s Office, 338 Choppin Hall.

TEACHER PREPARATION PROGRAM FOR GRADES 6-12

The departments of Biological Sciences, Chemistry, and Physics & Astronomy offer undergraduate degree programs with an area of concentration in secondary education (middle school and high school). Students in the program may receive a BS in biological sciences, chemistry, or physics and qualify for teacher certification. The curricula have been developed cooperatively with faculty in the College of Education and include courses taught jointly by faculty in the College of Basic Sciences and the College of Education. Students completing these degree programs and meeting any additional requirements of the Louisiana Department of Education will be eligible for certification in the state of Louisiana as teachers in grades 6-12.

Admission to any secondary education concentration requires a minimum gpa of 2.50 and passing scores on the PRAXIS I assessments or minimum ACT composite of 22 or minimum SAT composite of 1030. Students who might have an interest in middle and high school teaching should choose to take EDCI 2001 as one of their general education social sciences courses in the freshman or sophomore year. Details of the programs and requirements for admission, continuation, graduation and certification can be obtained from Student Services counselors in the College of Basic Sciences. The curriculum for each eligible major is listed in the departmental sections of this catalog as a secondary education concentration. Students are required to achieve passing scores on the PRAXIS I assessment or minimum composite of 22 or minimum SAT composite of 1030 and have a 2.50 earned LSU and cumulative gpa prior to enrollment in 3000-level EDCI courses. They should take the required PRAXIS II assessments during the last semester of course work prior to student teaching. They must pass all required sections of the PRAXIS II Series and they must earn at least a “C” grade in all academic content (major), education courses, and any course work so specified by the Louisiana Board of Elementary and Secondary Education prior to graduation.

A second option for students interested in middle/high school science teaching is to pursue a traditional bachelor’s degree in science and then complete a master’s degree in the LSU College of Education. The master’s degree program (Holmes Program) begins in June and requires 15 months of course work and classroom experience leading to both the master’s degree and teaching certification. Information about the program and potential scholarship assistance is available through the College of Education, Office of Student Services.

EARNING TWO DEGREES, OR ONE DEGREE WITH TWO MAJORS

With the dean's approval, a student may be enrolled in two bachelor’s degree programs concurrently and thereby either earn two degrees, or earn one degree with two majors listed on the transcript, provided all requirements are completed as of the same commencement.

A student may earn one degree, with two majors listed on the transcript, by completing the residence and academic requirements for each major and the degree program to which it belongs. The student may earn two degrees by, in addition, earning 30 hours more than required for the degree that requires the fewer number of hours.

If the two programs are in different colleges, then the student must be accepted for admission to both colleges and must adhere to the regulations of both colleges. The student must declare a home college, where registration will be initiated and permanent files maintained, and must maintain contact with the second college to ensure that satisfactory progress is being made toward the requirements of its degree program.

PASS-FAIL OPTION

Students in the College of Basic Sciences may register for courses in the college on a pass-fail basis under the following conditions:

Students from other colleges who wish to register for courses in this college on a passfail basis will present a petition form to the dean of the college. If the petition is approved, the student will then present the form to the instructor concerned for the appropriate action.

Courses offered by the College of Basic Sciences that are required in a student's curriculum or are normally considered important in preparation for the student's career will not be approved on a pass-fail basis.

PHI BETA KAPPA

Seniors and juniors with gpa of at least 3.60 and 3.90, respectively, are considered for membership in Phi Beta Kappa, the oldest scholastic honor society in the United States. Excellence in a variety of intellectual disciplines, rather than proficiency in a single field of study, is the major criterion for election.

The academic record should include satisfactory completion of the general education requirement, including two courses in English or American literature or literature in a foreign language (if not the major field); six-hour sequences in both a life science and a physical science, with an additional two hours of related laboratory work in one of these fields; upper division courses (3000 level or above) in at least two different humanities or social sciences outside the major; and electives that show a commitment to a liberal education.

Sophomores and juniors with high gpas should consult with Phi Beta Kappa officers or college counselors for more specific information. Specific requirements are described on the Phi Beta Kappa Web site www.lsu.edu/student_organizations/phibetakappa.

PHI KAPPA PHI

Founded in 1897 at the University of Maine, Phi Kappa Phi is the nation’s oldest, largest, and most selective honor society for all academic disciplines. Its chapters are on nearly 300 campuses in the United States, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines. Each year, approximately 30,000 members are initiated. Some of the organization’s more notable members include former President Jimmy Carter, writer John Grisham, NASA astronaut Wendy Lawrence, and Netscape founder James Barksdale. The LSU chapter was founded in 1930 as the 43rd chapter in the nation.

The mission of Phi Kappa Phi is to recognize and promote academic excellence in all fields of higher education and to engage the community of scholars in service to others. Phi Kappa Phi is unique because it recognizes superior scholarship in all academic fields, rather than restricting membership to a limited field. Juniors in the top 7.5 percent and seniors and graduate students in the top 10 percent of their classes may be invited to become members of Phi Kappa Phi. New LSU Phi Kappa Phi members are initiated and honored in the spring semester each year and wear identifying ribbons on their academic gowns at commencement exercises. Additional information about the Society may be found at www.phikappaphi.org.

COOPERATIVE EDUCATION PROGRAM

Please see the section “Cooperative Education” in the “Student Life and Academic Services” section of this catalog.

DEPARTMENTS AND CURRICULA

DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

CHAIR • Newcomer, Professor
ASSOCIATE CHAIR • Moore, Professor
ASSOCIATE CHAIR • Bruch, Associate Professor
OFFICE • 202 Life Sciences Building
TELEPHONE • 225-578-2601
FAX • 225-578-2597
WEB SITE • www.biology.lsu.edu

BOYD PROFESSORS • Blackwell
BOYD PROFESSOR EMERITA • Tucker
PROFESSORS EMERITI • Braymer, Chang, Dietz, Fischer, Kent, J. M. Larkin, W. Lee, Meier, Shih, Socolofsky, Silverman, Weidner, Woodring, Younathan
PROFESSORS • Batzer, Battista, Blackwell, Bricker, K. Brown, Caprio, Carman, Fleeger, Foltz, Hafner, Hand, Homberger, Keel, King, Laine, Lynn, Moore, J. Moroney, Newcomer, Platt, Siebenaller, Stephens, Stickle, Urbatsch, Williamson
ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS • Achberger, Bartlett, Bruch, Cronin, DiMario, Ding, Donze, Gayda, Gleason, Grove, Harms, Hellberg, Kim, J. C. Larkin, LiCata, Longstreth, Pettis, Rainey, Waldrop, Wischusen, Zhou
ASSISTANT PROFESSORS • Aboul-ela, Carstens, Christner, Doerrler, Eberhard (Research), Engel, Galvez, Hale-Donze, Hart, Kato, Y. Lee, Luo, Menze (Research), Pakhomova (Research), Prufer, Stevens, Svoboda, Whitehead, Yu
INSTRUCTORS • Brininstool, D. Brown, Farrar, Garretson, Gregg, Hawkins, Hrincevich, Jolissaint, McCoy, N. Minor, P. Moroney, Pollock, Pomarico, Reiland, Sullivan, Telles, Thompson
ADJUNCT FACULTY • Austin, Brumfield, Burris, Carlton, Cooper, Dagg, Finelli, Fitzsimons, Gimble, Guala, Hales, Henk, Kousoulas, LaRock, Mendelssohn, Mynatt, Prowell, Remsen, K. Robertson, Smith, Soper, Wilson, Ye

The Department of Biological Sciences offers a comprehensive background in biology for teacher preparation, graduate studies, and for professional programs in medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, and veterinary medicine. The department offers bachelor of science degrees in biochemistry, biological sciences and microbiology. All degrees require a core of departmental courses that include BIOL 1201, 1202, 1208, 1209, 2051, 2153, and either 4087 or 4093 and 4094. In addition, all students are required to take 20-25 hours of electives from courses numbered 3000 and above in biological sciences that include two courses with laboratories and at least one course from three of four departmental groupings (described below). Students seeking the bachelor of science degree in biological sciences may fulfill the requirement for 20 hours of electives with courses from all areas of the department while students seeking the biochemistry and microbiology degrees take courses specific to those degrees. All students in the department may earn a maximum of six hours of BIOL 3999. A maximum of three hours of BIOL 3999 may be taken as advanced biochemistry, biological sciences, or microbiology electives. BIOL 3999 may not be used as a laboratory course. Students may earn more than one degree in the department but biological science courses numbered 3000 and above (excluding the core biochemistry courses) may only be applied to one degree. Majors in the department are ineligible for the departmental minor.

An undergraduate minor in biological sciences is available to students majoring in curricula outside the Department of Biological Sciences. Required courses are BIOL 1201, 1202, 1208, 1209, 2051, 2153, 4087, and at least three more hours of biological sciences in a course at the 3000-level (excluding BIOL 3999) or above (total of 23 hours).

Admission into the Department of Biological Sciences

In addition to admission to the College of Basic Sciences, entry into any of the three majors (biochemistry, biological sciences, and microbiology) in the Department of Biological Sciences requires earned credit in BIOL 1201 and 1202; CHEM 1201; and MATH 1550.

CURRICULUM IN BIOCHEMISTRY

TOTAL SEM. HRS. • 125

FRESHMAN YEAR SEM. HRS.
Biological Sciences 1201, 1202, 1208, 1209 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Chemistry 1201, 1202, 1212. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
English 1001. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Mathematics 1550, 1552. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
General education arts course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
  31

SOPHOMORE YEAR SEM. HRS.
Biological Sciences 2051, 2153. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Chemistry 2001, 2261, 2262, 2364. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Physics 2001, 2002, 2108, 2109 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
English 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
General education social science course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
  32

JUNIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Biological Sciences 4001, 4093, 4094. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Approved biochemistry elective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Foreign language courses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10
Six hrs. chosen from 2000-level or above English or Honors
      courses from the general education humanities list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
Approved electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
  32

SENIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Biological Sciences 4385. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Approved biochemistry electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
General education social sciences course (sophomore level or above) . . . . . . . 3
Social science/humanities courses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Approved electives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
  30

Approved biochemistry electives must come from the following list, must include at least one laboratory course, and must include at least one course from both Group 1 and Group 3 and two courses from Group 2:

BIOL 3999 can also be taken as a biochemistry elective but does not count as a laboratory course.

CURRICULUM IN BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

TOTAL SEM. HRS. • 125

FRESHMAN YEAR SEM. HRS.
Biological Sciences 1201, 1202, 1208, 1209 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Chemistry 1201, 1202, 1212. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
English 1001. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Mathematics 1550, 1552 or EXST 2201 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
General education arts course. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
  31

SOPHOMORE YEAR SEM. HRS.
Biological Sciences 2051, 2153. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Chemistry 2261, 2262, 2364. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Six hrs. chosen from 2000-level or above English or Honors
     courses from the general education humanities list. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
Foreign language courses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10
English 2000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Approved electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-0
  35

JUNIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Biological Sciences 4087 or 4093 and 4094 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Approved biological sciences electives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Physics 2001, 2002, 2108, 2109. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
General education social sciences courses (sophomore level or above). . . . . . . . 6
Approved electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-0
  29

SENIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Approved biological sciences electives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-14
Social sciences/humanities courses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Approved electives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13-10
  30

Approved biological sciences electives (20 hrs. required) are BIOL courses numbered 3000 and higher and must include two courses with laboratories (excluding independent research BIOL 3999). Further, biological sciences electives must include at least one course from three of the following areas:

  1. molecular and cellular biology: BIOL 3090, 3116, 4001, 4104, 4123, 4124, 4127, 4132, 4159, 4177, 4190, 4246, 4385, 4400, 4596, 4753;
  2. physiology, anatomy, and development: BIOL 3060, 3152, 3156, 4110, 4155, 4158, 4160, 4200, 4444;
  3. ecology and evolution: BIOL 3040, 4015, 4084, 4090, 4253, 4262, 4600;
  4. organismal diversity: BIOL 4020, 4041, 4053, 4054, 4084, 4105, 4125, 4126, 4141, 4142, 4145, 4146, 4154, 4162, 4163, 4600, 4653.

Areas of Concentration

CURRICULUM IN MICROBIOLOGY

TOTAL SEM. HRS. • 125

FRESHMAN YEAR SEM. HRS.
Biological Sciences 1201, 1202, 1208, 1209. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Chemistry 1201, 1202, 1212. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
English 1001. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Mathematics 1550, 1552 or EXST 2201. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
General education arts course. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
  31

SOPHOMORE YEAR SEM. HRS.
Biological Sciences 2051, 2153. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Chemistry 2261, 2262. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Three hrs. chosen from English or Honors courses at the 2000-level
     and above from general education humanities list. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
English 2000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Foreign language courses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10
Approved electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-0
  30

JUNIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Biological Sciences 3116, 4110. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Chemistry 2001, 2364. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Physics 2001, 2002, 2108, 2109. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Three hours chosen from English or Honors courses at 2000 level
     and above from general education humanities list. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Approved microbiology electives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
General education social sciences course (sophomore level or above). . . . . . . . . 3
Approved electives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
  31

SENIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Biological Sciences 4246, 4125 or 4256. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Biological Sciences 4087 or 4093 and 4094. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Approved microbiology electives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Social sciences/humanities courses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
General education social sciences course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Approved electives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
  33

Approved microbiology electives must come from the following list and must include two laboratory courses: BIOL 3090, 3999 (3), 4053, 4054, 4084, 4090, 4105, 4106, 4123, 4124, 4125, 4126, 4127, 4132, 4162, 4163, 4190, 4200, 4256, 4400.

DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY

CHAIR • Maverick
OFFICE • 232 Choppin Hall
TELEPHONE • 225-578-3361
FAX • 225-578-3458
WEB SITE • chemistry.lsu.edu

BOYD PROFESSOR • Warner
BOYD PROFESSOR EMERITI • Good, McGlynn, Pryor
CHANCELLOR EMERITUS • Wharton
PROFESSORS EMERITI • Baddley, Berg, Carpenter, Cartledge, Day, Fischer, Gale, Kestner, Koenig, R. Nauman, Newkome, Robinson, Runnels, Selbin, Traynham, Wharton, Williams
PROFESSORS • Butler, Daly, Dellinger, Hales, Hall, Hammer, Marzilli, Maverick, McCarley, Murray, Poliakoff, Russo, Smith, Soper, Stanley, Vicente
ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS • Chan, Crowe, Gilman, Hopkins, Spivak, Taylor, Watkins
ASSISTANT PROFESSORS • Chen, R. Cook, Cueto (Research), Garno, Lomnicki (Research), Macnaughton, Nesterov, Tolocka, Zhang
INSTRUCTORS • Allen, E. Cook, Dávila, Hogan, Kolniak, McMasters, T. Nauman, Rupnik
ADJUNCT FACULTY • Bricker, Dooley, Laine, LiCata, McGuire, Negulescu, Sprunger, Thibodeaux

Students obtain a thorough working knowledge of the fundamentals of chemistry, supplemented by study in physics, mathematics, and other sciences. The curriculum is further enriched by the requirement of a broad basic background in the social sciences and humanities. The department offers special lecture and laboratory courses for its majors.

Chemistry majors must select one of nine areas of concentration, preferably in their sophomore year. Undecided majors and those who are considering chemistry as a possible major are strongly encouraged to take CHEM 1002 in their second semester. This course will alert them to the various career opportunities in chemistry in time to make an appropriate decision. The different concentrations can be grouped according to whether or not they prepare the student for an active career in chemistry or for another profession, such as medicine, dentistry, or veterinary medicine.

Active Careers in Chemistry • These concentrations are recommended for students who seek a professional career in chemistry or plan to pursue graduate studies in chemistry or a closely related field. The areas of concentration listed in this section are certified by the American Chemical Society. Students successfully completing those concentrations will receive a certificate upon graduation. The biological chemistry concentration strengthens the student’s knowledge of the chemistry and structure of living systems. The chemical physics concentration emphasizes understanding chemical systems based on fundamental physical, mathematical, and theoretical principles. The chemistry concentration provides a broad background in chemistry. It is recommended to students who desire a career in chemistry but do not yet know which branch of chemistry best suits them. The environmental chemistry concentration is recommended for preparation as a chemical professional or for entrance to graduate study in chemistry, but with an environmental emphasis. The materials concentration makes the connection between chemistry and a wide range of practical materials used to fabricate electronic, optical, and other devices. The polymer concentration is designed for students with career objectives in the science of synthetic or biological macromolecules, including plastics.

The secondary education concentration leads to certification as a chemistry teacher in grades seven through 12.

Chemistry for Other Professions • The preprofessional concentration is designed primarily for students who will apply for graduate education in another profession, such as medicine, dentistry, or veterinary medicine. The chemistry and a second discipline concentration allows students to develop their interests and abilities in other disciplines outside of chemistry, whether or not graduate education is contemplated. Students may choose second disciplines such as computer science, geology, engineering, business administration, history, foreign languages, political science, and others.

Undergraduate Minor in Chemistry • Requirements are a minimum of 20 semester hours of chemistry, including at least two laboratory courses and at least three semester hours at the 3000 or 4000 level, but excluding CHEM 3900.

CURRICULUM IN CHEMISTRY

TOTAL SEM. HRS. • 128

*With the dean's approval, CHEM 1202, 1212 may be substituted for CHEM 1422, 1431; CHEM 2002 may be substituted for CHEM 2003; and CHEM 2261, 2262, and 2364 may be substituted for CHEM 2461, 2462, and 2463.

**The biological chemistry, preprofessional, and secondary education concentrations also require Biological Sciences 1208 and 1209 laboratories.

FRESHMAN YEAR SEM. HRS.
Biological Sciences 1201 and 1202**. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Chemistry 1201 or 1421; 1422; 1431* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
English 1001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
General education arts course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Mathematics 1550, 1552. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Approved electives or area requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
   

SOPHOMORE YEAR SEM. HRS.
Chemistry 2001, 2003, 2461, 2462, 2463* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Computer science programming course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
English 2000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Physics 2101, 2102, 2108, 2109. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Approved electives or area requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
  32

  
JUNIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Chemistry 3491, 3492, 3493. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Six hrs. chosen from 2000-level or above English or Honors
     courses from the general education humanities list. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
Foreign languages courses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10
General education social sciences courses (one course at
     the sophomore level or above) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
Approved electives or area requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
  34

SENIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Approved social sciences/humanities courses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Approved electives or area requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
  30

Areas of Concentration

DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

CHAIR • Iyengar
OFFICE • 298 Coates Hall
TELEPHONE • 225-578-1495
FAX • 225-578-1465
WEB SITE • www.bit.csc.lsu.edu

PROFESSOR EMERITUS • Jones, Tyler
PROFESSORS • Carver, P. Chen, Iyengar, Kraft, Sterling, Triantaphyllou
ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS • Allen, J. Chen, Kannan, Kundu
ASSISTANT PROFESSORS • Baumgartner, Busch, Karki, Kosar, Park, Shah, Ullmer, Wilson
INSTRUCTORS • Blanks, Brener, Douglas, Duncan, Edgeworth, Guillott
VISITING FACULTY • Branton

The undergraduate computer science curriculum is structured around basic courses in computer science and mathematics. The curriculum is designed to allow a flexible plan of study via the mandatory selection of one of three concentrations: networking, software engineering, and computer science and a second discipline. A concentration should be declared at the beginning of the sophomore year. If the second discipline concentration is selected, an approval form must be completed and approved by the department and the dean’s office.

Computer science students will not receive degree credit for the following courses:
CSC 4602; ELRC 4006; EXST 2000, 2095, 2201, 3001, 4001; ISDS 2000, 2001, 3001, 3002; PSYC 2011, 4111; and SOCL 2201. Computer science students may not receive credit for both IE 3302 and ISDS 2000, or for both IE 4510 and ISDS 2001.

An undergraduate minor in computer science is available. Required courses are CSC 1253, 1254, 2259, 3102, 3501, and three hrs. of computer science electives 3000-level and above; and 4101 or 4103 (total of 21 hours).

CURRICULUM IN COMPUTER SCIENCE

TOTAL SEM. HRS. • 123

1See college list of approved general education natural sciences courses.
2If a 10-hour foreign language sequence is taken, the extra two hours will be counted toward approved electives.
3Students who have completed the prerequisites may substitute MATH 3355 or EE 3140 or EXST 4050.
4The computer science senior elective (three semester hours) must be an approved 4000-level computer science course.

FRESHMAN YEAR SEM. HRS.
Computer Science 1200, 1350, 1351. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
English 1001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
English or Honors course at the 2000-level or above
     on the general education humanities list. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Mathematics 1550, 1552. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Biological or physical sciences sequence1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
General education humanities communication studies course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
  31

SOPHOMORE YEAR SEM. HRS.
Computer Science 2259, 3102, 3380. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Computer science elective 2000- level or above or computer
     science area requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
English or Honors course at the 2000-level or above
      on the general education humanities list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
English 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Mathematics 2090 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
General education biological or physical sciences sequence with lab1 . . . . . . . . . 8
General education social sciences course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
  33

JUNIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Computer Science 2262, 3501, 4101. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Computer science electives 3000-level or above or computer
      science area requirement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Foreign language courses2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Industrial Engineering 33023 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
General education social sciences course (at the sophomore
      level or above). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Approved elective or area requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
  32

SENIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Computer science 4103, 4330. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Computer science senior elective4 or computer science area requirement . . . . . . . 3
Approved electives or area requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
General education arts courses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Social sciences/humanities course. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
  27

Areas of Concentration

DEPARTMENT OF GEOLOGY & GEOPHYSICS

CHAIR • Thibodeaux, Professor
ASSOCIATE CHAIR • Nunn, Professor
OFFICE • E235 Howe-Russell-Kniffen Geoscience Complex
TELEPHONE • 225-578-3353
FAX • 225-578-2302
WEB SITE • www.geol.lsu.edu

PROFESSORS EMERITI • Bouma, Hart, Kupfer, Moore, Roche, Sen Gupta
PROFESSORS • Baksi, Blum, Byerly, Dutrow, Ellwood, Ferrell, Hanor, Henry, Nunn
ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS • Anderson, Bao, Bart, Lorenzo, Schaefer (Research)
ASSISTANT PROFESSORS • Blanford, Engel
ADJUNCT FACULTY • Bentley, Hesp, Karki, Nummedal, Roberts, Schiebout, White

The geology curriculum prepares undergraduates for graduate study in geology and geophysics and related fields and for a wide range of professional careers, including teaching, research, resource exploration and development, and environmental management and remediation. The curriculum has two areas of concentration: geology and environmental geology.

All geology students follow the same basic curriculum during the first five semesters of study. Students during this time receive a firm foundation in mineralogy, petrology, structural geology, and sedimentology, as well as basic courses in biology, computer science, chemistry, physics, and mathematics. Emphasis is on fundamental geologic processes operating on and within the earth. Laboratory and field studies are integrated into the curriculum at all levels and include a six-week field geology course at the department's permanent field camp in the Colorado Front Range.

The curriculum is designed to leave much of the final three semesters of study relatively unstructured so that students, with the guidance and approval of the department, can develop a program of advanced course work most appropriate to their career objectives. Students selecting the geology area of concentration take, in addition to the first five semester group of courses, history of the biosphere, a basic course in either geophysics, geochemistry or tectonics, and six hours of geology electives. Students selecting the environmental geology area of concentration take physical hydrogeology, nine hours of approved environmental geology electives, and nine hours of approved electives in chemistry, mathematics, and other disciplines relevant to environmental problems. Both areas of concentration are designed to provide students with a sound foundation in basic geology and to prepare them for entry into a graduate program or directly into a professional career.

Graduate and undergraduate majors in geology must pay a $35 field service fee each semester. Students not majoring in geology who schedule courses requiring field trip fees will be assessed a pro rata part of the amount above as determined by the department chair. Part-time students enrolled in seminar courses only and students registered for thesis or dissertation only are exempt from the fee. Additional information concerning fees for field geology courses is available from the Geology Field Camp Director, Department of Geology & Geophysics.

An undergraduate minor in geology is available (17 hrs.). Required courses are GEOL 1001, 1003, 1601, 1602. At least three of the additional hours must be taken at the 3000 or 4000 level (excluding GEOL 3909) and on this campus.

Honors courses offered are Geology 1002 and 1004.

CURRICULUM IN GEOLOGY

TOTAL SEM. HRS. • 123

*See area requirements.

FRESHMAN YEAR SEM. HRS.
Approved social science or humanities course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Chemistry 1201, 1202, 1212 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Geology 1001, 1003, 1601, 1602 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Mathematics 1550, 1552 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
English 1001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
  31

SOPHOMORE YEAR SEM. HRS.
Approved electives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Biological Sciences 1201, 1202. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
English 2000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
English course chosen from general education
     humanities list or Honors list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Geology 2081 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Geology 2061 (required for geology area of concentration or
      approved environmental area of concentration course. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
General education social sciences courses (one course must
     be at the sophomore level or above). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
Physics 1201 or 2101, and 1208 or 2108 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
  32

JUNIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Approved electives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0-3
English courses chosen from general education
     humanities or Honors list. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Foreign Language courses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10-8
General Education arts course. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Geology 3032 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Geology 3041 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Geology 3071 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Physics 1202 or 2102 or 2002, and 1209 or 2109. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
  30

SUMMER (FOLLOWING JUNIOR YEAR) SEM. HRS.
Geology 3666 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
  6

SENIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Area of concentration courses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-18
Approved electives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-6
  24

Areas of Concentration

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY

CHAIR • Cherry, Professor
ASSOCIATE CHAIR • Browne, Professor
OFFICE • 202 Nicholson Hall
TELEPHONE • 225-578-2261
FAX • 225-578-5855
WEB SITE • www.phys.lsu.edu

BOYD PROFESSOR • O'Connell
PROFESSORS EMERITI • Drilling, Goodrich, Hamilton, Haymaker, Hussey, Imlay, Kirk, Landolt, McNeil, Stockbauer, Williams, Zganjar
PROFESSORS • Adams, Browne, Chan, Cherry, Clayton, DiTusa, Dowling, Draayer, Frank, Guzik (Research), Hogstrom, Hormes, W. Johnson, Kurtz, J. Matthews, Metcalf, O'Connell, Pullin, Rau, B. Schaefer, K. Schafer, Seidel, Svoboda, Tohline, Wefel
ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS • Blackmon, Gaarde, Giaime, González, Lehner, Sajo, Sprunger, Stacy, Young
ASSISTANT PROFESSORS • Diener (Research), Hynes, Kutter, Lee, K. Matthews, Sheehy, Shikhaliev, Tiglio, Vekhter
INSTRUCTORS • Ahmad, Campbell, Giammanco, Gregg, Rupnik
ADJUNCT FACULTY • Allen, Bagayoko, Boyd, Ederer, Gibbons, Hormes, S. Johnson, Milburn, Poliakoff, Price, Rezzolla, Rosen, Saulson, M. Schaefer, Scheraga, Scully, Svoboda, Thomas, Ventrice, Wang, Weiss

An undergraduate minor in physics is available. Required courses are PHYS 1201, 1202, 1208, 1209, (or PHYS 2101, 2102, 2108, 2109); PHYS 2221; and at least three courses in physics above 2200 (excluding PHYS 2401, 2995, 4399, and 4991) of which at least three hours must be at the 4000 level, and/or astronomy above 4000 (excluding ASTR 4997), for a total of 20-22 hours.

Undergraduate students on this campus may choose to minor in nuclear science. The following conditions must be met:

The Department of Physics & Astronomy offers master’s degrees for medical physics studies. For additional information, see the section, “Graduate School and Professional Programs” in this catalog.

CURRICULUM IN PHYSICS

TOTAL SEM. HRS. • 129

Students planning to enter graduate school are encouraged to select a modern foreign language.

FRESHMAN YEAR SEM. HRS.
Three hrs. of English or Honors courses at the 2000-level or
        above chosen from the general education humanities list . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Mathematics 1550, 1552 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Physics 1201, 1202, 1208, 1209. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
English 1001. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
General education arts course. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Approved electives or area requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
  31

SOPHOMORE YEAR SEM. HRS.
English 2000. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Three hrs. of English or Honors courses at the 2000-level or
        above chosen from general education humanities list. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Mathematics 2057. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Physics 2203, 2207, 2221. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Biological sciences 1001 and 1002 or 1201 and 1202 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Computer science programming course . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
General education humanities course. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Approved electives or area requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
  32

JUNIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Foreign language courses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-10
Physics 2231, 2411, 4098, 4132. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
General education social sciences course. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Approved electives or area requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
  34

SENIOR YEAR SEM. HRS.
Physics 4125. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
General education social sciences/humanities course. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Approved electives or area requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
  32

Areas of Concentration

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