__Physics
PHYS__

*Prerequisites**All prerequisites in physics courses should be rigidly observed*.

*Corequisites**A student may not continue in a course after dropping a corequisite course
prior to the last day of the midsemester examination period*.

*Of the 7000-level courses,
those numbered in the 7200s, as well as 7343, 7363, 7383, 7398, and 7411 are
offered every year; 7353 and 7373 every other year. All other courses are offered
sporadically as interest demands and in order to provide a varied curriculum*.

*General education courses
are marked with stars ()*.

** 1100 Introduction
to Physics (3)** *Prereq.: credit or registration in MATH 1550*.
Measurement, vectors, kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, wave motion, temperature,
the electric field, DC circuits, and geometrical optics.

** 1201, 1202 General
Physics for Physics Majors (4,4) F,S** *Prereq. for 1201: PHYS 1100
or placement by examination; credit or registration in MATH 1550. Prereq. for
1202: PHYS 1201 and credit or registration in MATH 1552. 4 hrs. lecture/demonstration.
Primarily for students intending to major in physics. Credit will not be given
for these courses and PHYS 2001, 2002 or 2101, 2102*. Fundamentals of classical
physics and some concepts of modern physics; calculus and vector analysis introduced
and used in development of subject matter.

** 1208, 1209 General
Physics Laboratory for Physics Majors (1,1) F,S** *Prereq. for 1208:
credit or registration in PHYS 1201. Prereq. for 1209: credit or registration
in PHYS 1202. 3 hrs. lab. Credit will not be given for these courses and PHYS
2108, 2109*. Laboratory to accompany PHYS 1201, 1202.

** 2001, 2002 General
Physics (3,3)** *Prereq. for PHYS 2001: MATH 1022 or 1023; Prereq.
for PHYS 2002: PHYS 2001. 3 hrs. lecture/demonstration. Credit will not be given
for these courses and PHYS 1201, 1202 or 2101, 2102*. Mechanics, heat, sound,
light, electricity, and magnetism; topics in modern physics.

** 2101 General Physics
for Technical Students (3)** *Prereq.: PHYS 1100 or placement by examination;
credit or registration in MATH 1552. Credit will not be given for both this
course and PHYS 1201, 2001*. Mechanics, wave motion, thermodynamics, and
kinetic theory.

** 2102 General Physics
for Technical Students (3)** *Prereq.: PHYS 2101 and MATH 1552. Credit
will not be given for both this course and PHYS 1202, 2002*. Electricity,
magnetism, physical optics, and topics from modern physics.

** 2108 Introductory
Physics Laboratory (1)** *Prereq.: credit or registration in PHYS
2001 or 2101. 3 hrs. lab. Credit will not be given for both this course and
PHYS 1208*. Laboratory to accompany PHYS 2001 or 2101.

** 2109 General Physics
Laboratory (1)** *Prereq.: PHYS 2108 and credit or registration in
PHYS 2002 or 2102. 3 hrs. lab. Credit will not be given for both this course
and PHYS 1209*. Laboratory to accompany PHYS 2002 and 2102; electricity,
magnetism, geometrical and physical optics, and other topics in modern physics.

**2111 Elementary
Mathematical Physics (3) F** *Prereq.: PHYS 1202 or 2102; and credit
in MATH 1552*. Mathematical methods of physics; vector calculus, complex
variables, Fourier series, matrices and determinants, differential equations
with application to selected problems in physics.

**2203 Introductory
Modern Physics (3) F** *Prereq.: PHYS 1202 or 2102*. Elementary
modern physics; special relativity, wave/particle duality, quantum mechanics,
hydrogen atom, many-electron atoms, nuclear structure, elementary particles,
solid state, astrophysics, and cosmology.

**2207 Introductory
Modern Physics Laboratory (1) F** *Coreq.: PHYS 2203. Required for
physics majors*. Laboratory to accompany PHYS 2203.

**2221 Introduction
to Mechanics (3) ***Prereq.: PHYS 1202 or 2102 and MATH 2057*.
Basic concepts of mechanics with emphasis on corresponding mathematical techniques.

**2231 Electricity
and Magnetism (3) S** *Prereq.: PHYS 2221 or CHEM 4581 and credit
or registration in MATH 2065 or 2090. *Electricity and magnetism; static
and quasistatic electromagnetic fields in vacua and in dielectric and magnetic
media.

** 2401 Introduction
to Concepts in Physics (3) V** *Prereq.: MATH 1021 or an ACT math
score of at least 25. Primarily for students in liberal arts and education*.
Historical evolution and underlying philosophy of principles of physics; provides
appreciation of physics; does not develop technical skill.

**2411 Computational
Science I (3)** *Prereq.: PHYS 2221; or PHYS 1202 or 2102 and MATH
2057; or CHEM 4581 and credit or registration in MATH 2065. 2 hrs. lecture;
2 hrs. lab*. Introduction to symbolic manipulation and numerical techniques
used to analyze or simulate a broad range of physical systems.

**2995 Research Internship
(1)** *Prereq.: consent of instructor and department chair. May be
repeated for credit*. Individual reading and theoretical and/or experimental
research on introductory problems in physics.

**4098 Instrumentation
Electronics for Scientists (3) S** *Prereq.: PHYS 1202 and 1209; or
PHYS 2102 and 2109. 2 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab*. Basic electronic technology
and circuits used in scientific instrumentation; circuit analysis, discrete
components, operational amplifiers, and digital electronics.

**4112 Intermediate
Mathematical Physics (3) V** *Prereq.: PHYS 2221 or CHEM 4581; and
credit or registration in MATH 2065 or 2090*. Mathematical methods of physics,
with application to selected problems.

**4123 Intermediate
Mechanics (3)** *Prereq.: PHYS 2221 and MATH 2057*. Lagrangian
mechanics; central force motion; rigid body dynamics; small oscillations.

**4125 Thermodynamics
and Statistical Mechanics (3) V** *Prereq.: PHYS 2221 and credit or
registration in MATH 2065 or 2090; or CHEM 4581 and credit or registration in
MATH 2065 or 2090*. Basic physical concepts and methods appropriate for
description of systems involving many particles; unified view point of thermodynamics,
statistical mechanics, and kinetic theory.

**4132 Electromagnetism
and Electromagnetic Waves (3) F** *Prereq.: PHYS 2231*. *Continuation
of PHYS 2231*. Emphasis on electromagnetic waves and radiation.

**4135 Modern Optics
(3) V** *Prereq.: PHYS 2221 and MATH 2065 or 2090; or CHEM 4581 and
MATH 2065 or 2090*. Review of geometrical optics and optical instruments,
scalar diffraction theory, spatial filtering and holography, Gaussian beam optics,
optical resonators, lasers, and optical properties of materials.

**4136 Modern Optics
Laboratory (3) V** *Prereq.: PHYS 4135. 1 hr. lecture; 5 hrs. lab*.
Techniques in modern optics, including interferometers, electrooptic and magnetooptic
devices, fiber optics, spatial filtering, holography, and spectroscopy.

**4141, 4142 Introduction
to Quantum Mechanics (3,3) F,S** *Prereq.: PHYS 2221 and credit or
registration in MATH 2065 or 2090; or CHEM 4581 and credit or registration in
MATH 2065 or 2090; PHYS 4141 is prerequisite for 4142*. Elementary principles
of quantum mechanics, including

Schrodinger equation, one-dimensional problems, harmonic oscillator, angular momentum, perturbation theory, matrix mechanics, and spin.

**4198 Advanced Modern
Physics Laboratory (3) S** *Prereq.: PHYS 2209 or 4055 or 4141. 1
hr. lecture; 6 hrs. lab/computations*. Electricity and magnetism, optics,
and atomic, nuclear, and solid-state physics.

**4201, 4202 Survey
of Contemporary Physics (3,3) F,S** *Prereq.: PHYS 4142 or equivalent*.
Current research in physics: relativity, atomic physics, solid-state physics,
nuclear physics, elementary particles, astrophysics.

**4251 Atomic Physics
(3) V** *Prereq.: PHYS 4142 and credit or registration in 4132*.
Modern theory of atomic structure, radiations, and processes.

**4261 Introduction
to Solid-State Physics (3) V** *Prereq.: PHYS 2203 or 4141 or CHEM
4492*. Properties of the crystalline state and the free-electron; band theories
of metals, insulators, and semiconductors.

**4271 Nuclear Physics
(3) V** *Prereq.: PHYS 2203 or 4141*. Nuclear properties, abundance
and stability of nuclei, nuclear instrumentation, particle accelerators and
detectors, and nuclear reactions.

**4399 Research in
Experimental Physics (3) F** *Prereq.: PHYS 4198 or consent of instructor
and department chair*. Individual research project conducted and reported
under supervision of individually selected faculty member.

**4412 Computational
Science II (3)** *Prereq.: PHYS 2411 or equivalent. Continuation of
PHYS 2411*. Advanced techniques for numerical computations in the physical
sciences.

**4991 Special Problems
in Physics (1-3)** *Prereq.: thorough knowledge of the fundamentals
of physics and mathematics, demonstrated ability in science, and consent of
instructor and department chair. May be taken for a max. of 6 sem. hrs. credit*.
Individual reading and theoretical and/or experimental work on advanced problems
in physics.

**6111 Mathematical
Physics for Teachers (3) Su only-V** *Prereq.: PHYS 2002 or 2102.
Not for degree credit for physics majors*. Mathematical structure of physics.

**6121 Classical Physics
for Teachers (3) Su only-V** *Prereq.: PHYS 2002 or 2102. For high
school and junior college teachers; part of the M.N.S. degree program*.
Application of conservation principles to development of classical physics.

**6141 Quantum Physics
of Atoms, Molecules, Solids, and Nuclei for Teachers (3) Su only-V**
*Prereq.: PHYS 2002 or 2102. For high school and junior college teachers;
part of the M.N.S. degree program*. Origins of quantum theory; application
to atoms, molecules, solids, and nuclei.

**6191 Research Participation
for Teachers (3) Su only-V** *Prereq.: PHYS 2002 or 2102. May be taken
for a max. of 9 hrs. of credit*.

**6198 Laboratory
Methods for Teachers (3) Su only-V** *Prereq.: PHYS 2002 or 2102.
1 hr. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. For high school and junior college teachers; part
of the M.N.S. degree program. May be taken for a max. of 9 hrs. of credit*.
Analysis of laboratory experiments in current high school physics curricula;
selected experiments in modern physics.

**6991 Seminar in
Current Developments in Physics Curriculum Materials (1-3) Su only-V**
*Prereq.: PHYS 2002 or 2102. For high school and junior college teachers;
part of the M.N.S. degree program. May be taken for a max. of 6 sem. hrs. credit*.

**7211, 7212 Mathematical
Methods of Theoretical Physics (3,3) F,S** *Prereq.: PHYS 4112 or
equivalent. PHYS 7211 is prerequisite for 7212*. Advanced topics in mathematical
methods of theoretical physics; mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics.

**7221 Classical Mechanics
(3) Su** Study of particle mechanics and rigid body mechanics using the
methods of Lagrange's equations, Hamilton's equations, canonical transformations,
and Hamilton-Jacobi theory.

**7223 Mechanics of
Deformable Bodies (3) V** Mechanics of inviscid and Newtonian viscous
fluids; elasticity of solids.

**7225 Statistical
Mechanics (3) Su** Principles of classical and quantum statistics, with
application to special problems.

**7231, 7232 Classical
Electrodynamics (3,3) F,S** *PHYS 7231 is prerequisite for 7232*.
Problems in electrostatics and magnetostatics; Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic
waves, wave guides, and antennas; relativistic electrodynamics and radiation
from moving charges.

**7241, 7242 Quantum
Mechanics (3,3) F,S** *Prereq.: PHYS 4142 or equivalent. PHYS 7241
is prerequisite for 7242*. Basic concepts of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics,
operators and matrices, intrinsic and orbital angular momenta, perturbation
theory, atomic structure, second quantization, and scattering theory.

**7336 General Relativity
(3) V** General tensor analysis; postulates of general relativity, field
equations, equations of motion, interior and exterior Schwarzchild solutions;
cosmology.

**7343 Advanced Quantum
Mechanics (3) V** *Prereq.: PHYS 7242*. The Lorentz group, relativistic
wave equations, introduction to quantum field theory.

**7353, 7354 Atomic
and Optical Physics I, II (3,3) V** *Prereq.: PHYS 7242; PHYS 7353
is prerequisite for 7354*. Applications of quantum mechanics to atomic systems
and their interaction with radiation; spectral levels, photoabsorption and collisions
with charged particles.

**7360 Low-Temperature
Physics (3) V** Properties of matter at temperatures near absolute zero;
methods of producing low temperatures; superfluidity of liquid helium, superconductivity,
magnetic effects, and adiabatic demagnetization.

**7363, 7364 Condensed
Matter Physics (3,3) V** *Prereq.: PHYS 7225 and 7242. PHYS 7363 is
prerequisite for 7364*. Application of quantum mechanics and statistical
mechanics to condensed matter; lattice vibrations, energy bands in crystals,
transport properties, collective excitations, ferromagnetism and superconductivity;
theory of Fermi and Bose quantum fluids, phase transitions, and critical phenomena.

**7373, 7374 Nuclear
Physics (3,3) V** *Prereq.: PHYS 4271 and 7241. PHYS 7373 is prerequisite
for 7374*. Applications of quantum mechanics to the two-nucleon system,
to a system of many nucleons, and to nuclear reactions, with comparisons between
theory and experimental results.

**7383, 7384 High
Energy Particle Physics (3,3) V** *Prereq.: PHYS 7231 and 7242*.
Strong electromagnetic and weak interactions of hadrons and leptons, including
symmetries and selection rules; quantum chromodynamics and electroweak theory;
accelerator and nonaccelerator experiments including cosmic rays and high energy
astrophysics.

**7398 Graduate Laboratory
(3) S,Su** *1 hr. lecture; 6 hrs. lab*. Practical experience in
modern experimental physics laboratory techniques.

**7411, 7412 Computational
Physics (3,3)** *Prereq.: PHYS 7211. PHYS 7411 is prerequisite for
PHYS 7412*. Basic numerical techniques for solution of mathematical equations,
including coupled linear algebraic and differential equations, and numerical
simulation techniques; emphasis on application to physical problems.

**7463, 7464 Theoretical
Condensed Matter Physics (3,3) F,S** *Prereq.: PHYS 7242. PHYS 7463
is prerequisite for PHYS 7464*. Density functional theory of electronic
structure, mean field, and renormalization group theory of phase transitions;
linear response theory; quantum transport, Landau theory of Fermi liquids; systems
of strongly interacting electrons, superconductivity.

**7537 Radiation Transport
Theory I (3) F** *Prereq.: NS 7527 or NS 7530 or equivalent. Same
as NS 7537.*

**7538 Radiation Transport
Theory II (3) S** *Prereq.: PHYS 2203 or equivalent, CSC 2262 or equivalent
experience in computer programming. Same as NS 7538. *

**7741, 7742 Stellar
Astrophysics (3,3) F,S** *PHYS 7741 is prerequisite for PHYS 7742.
See ASTR 7741, 7742*.

**7745 Advanced Quantum
Theory of Particles and Fields (3) V** *May be taken for a max. of
9 hrs. of credit*.

**7751, 7752 Galactic
Astrophysics (3,3) F,S** *PHYS 7751 is prerequisite for PHYS 7752.
See ASTR 7751, 7752*.

**7777 Seminar in
Astronomy and Astrophysics (1-6) V** *May be taken for a max. of 6
sem. hrs. of credit. See ASTR 7777*.

**7783 Topics in Astronomy
and Astrophysics (3) V** *May be taken for a max. of 6 hrs. of credit
when topics vary*. *See ASTR 7783*.

**7857 Graduate Student
Seminar (1)** *Pass-fail grading. May be repeated for credit*.
Introduction to research areas in the department; training for presentation
of scientific talks; preparation of research proposals.

**7893 Many-Body Theory
(3) V** *Prereq.: PHYS 7242. Pass-fail grading. May be taken for a
max. of 6 hrs. of credit*. Diagrammatic techniques, thermal Green's functions,
transport theory, Fermi liquids, collective excitations, phase transitions.

**7895 Selected Topics
in Advanced Physics (3) V** *May be repeated for credit. Pass-fail
grading*.

**7896 Current Developments
(3) V** *May be repeated for credit. Pass-fail grading*.

**7996 Independent
Research in Physics (3) V** *Prereq. permission of department*.
An approved independent research project in experimental or theoretical physics;
final written report and an oral presentation to a faculty committee is required.

**8000 Thesis Research
(1-12 per sem.)** *"S"/"U" grading*.

**9000 Dissertation
Research (1-12 per sem.)** *"S"/"U" grading*.