__Nuclear
Science NS__

*General education courses
are marked with stars ()*.

** 2051 Introduction
to Nuclear Science (3) F,S** Matter and energy; structure of the atom
and nucleus; radioactivity; types of radiation; radiation interactions; dose
and biological effects; radiation detection and safety; environmental radiation;
applications of nuclear science in medicine, industry, agriculture, and national
defense; nuclear power generation; nuclear fusion.

**3411 Fundamentals
of Nuclear Radiation Science (3) F,S** *Prereq.: one sem. of MATH
1021 or equivalent and one sem. of chemistry or physics; 2 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs.
lab*. Nuclear structure, transmutations, decay, interactions of radiation
with matter; radiation detection and measurement.

**4101 Tracer Methodology
for Biological Sciences (3) F,S** *2 hrs. lecture/demonstration; 3
hrs. lab. Specifically for students in the biological sciences*. Properties
of ionizing radiation, instruments for detecting and measuring radiation, and
biological uses of radioisotopes.

**4141 Radioecology
(3) F** *Prereq.: NS 4101 or equivalent. 2 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab.
Also offered as ENVS 4141*. Radio tracers, stable tracers, and radiation
effects in both natural and laboratory-contained communities of organisms.

**4331 Radiation Protection
and Exposure Evaluation (3) F** *Prereq.: PHYS 2102 or equivalent.
Students pursuing studies in medical and health physics must also register for
NS 4332*. Control and evaluation of radiation exposure, including external
and internal dosimetry, techniques of dose reduction, and consequences of radiation
exposure.

**4332 Radiation Protection
and Exposure Evaluation Laboratory (1) F** *Prereq.: Concurrent enrollment
in NS 4331*. Radiation detection techniques and instrumentation; applied
health physics exercises in radiation surveys; inspections; exposure incident
investigation.

**4352 Environmental
Radiological Evaluation and Remediation (2) S** *Prereq.: NS 3411
or permission of instructor*. Methods of surveying and sampling to determine
radiological concentrations; federal and state regulations governing remediation
criteria; models and computer codes used to estimate dose; remediation planning
and implementation.

**4353 Environmental
Radiological Evaluation and Remediation Laboratory (1) S** *Prereq.:
credit for or concurrent enrollment in NS 4352*. *Laboratory supplement
to NS 4352*. Sampling and analytical techniques used to measure radionuclides
in the environment.

**4527 Nuclear Reactor
Theory and Design (3) F,S** *Prereq.: two semesters of physics and
an introductory course in computer programming*. Characteristics of radioactive
materials, neutron interactions, the fission process; static criticality, time-dependent
behavior of cores, and design of nuclear power reactors.

**4566 Nuclear Reactor
Systems (3) F** *Prereq.: NS 4527 or equivalent*. Engineering
aspects of reactor systems; nuclear fuel cycles, isotope separation, mechanical
and thermal design, selection of materials, and environmental impact of nuclear
facilities.

**4570 Nuclear Facility
Safety (3) S** *Prereq.: PHYS 2102 or equivalent*. Safety analysis
of facilities that utilize radiation sources including hospitals and industrial
sites; accident sequences; dispersal of radionuclides; estimation of dose and
dose commitments; and engineered safeguards.

**4991, 4992 Special
Problems in Nuclear Science (1-4,1-4) F,S** *Prereq.: thorough knowledge
of mathematics, science, and engineering related to the proposed problem; and
consent of instructor and director*. Theoretical or experimental problems
involving the application of nuclear technology.

**4995 Seminar (1)
F,S** *Prereq.: permission of instructor. Elective seminar especially
for undergraduate minors in nuclear science and engineering. Course may be repeated
on audit basis only*.

**7101 Advanced Tracer
Methodology for Biological Sciences (3) S** *Prereq.: NS 4101 or equivalent.
2 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab*. Qualitative and quantitative aspects of tracer
applications in modern biological research; combining tracer techniques with
other analytical methods.

**7115 N-15 Stable
Tracer Methodology for Biological Sciences (2) S-E** *Prereq.: consent
of instructor. 1 hr. lecture; 3 hrs. lab*. Quantitative N-15 tracer applications
and methodology in biological nitrogen systems, combining N-15 procedures with
mass spectrometer techniques.

**7121 Radiobiology
(3) S** *Prereq.: NS 4101 or equivalent. 2 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab*.
Effects of ionizing radiation on molecular, cellular, and organ system levels
of biological organization; study of X-rays, gamma rays, and accelerator beams
in interaction with living systems.

**7210 Clinical Principles
in Radiation Therapy (3) S** *Prereq.: NS 4331, 7121. 2 hrs. lecture;
3 hrs. lab*. Clinical principles utilized in the treatment of malignant
disease with external beam irradiation and sealed source brachytherapy techniques.

**7260 Clinical Radiation
Therapy Rotation (3) F** *Prereq.: NS 4101, 7101, 7121, or equivalent.
May be taken concurrently with NS 7210, 7270, or 7331*. Daily clinical rounds
and performance of dosimetry and treatment planning activities for external
beam and brachy therapy cancer treatment modalities under medical and physics
staff supervision, Mary Bird Perkins Cancer Center.

**7270 Technical Methodology
in Radiation Therapy (3) S** *Prereq.: NS 7121. 2 hrs. lecture; 3
hrs. lab*. Technical aspects of the treatment of malignant diseases; instruments
and their limitations; calibration and dosimetry techniques; clinical practice.

**7280 Advanced Clinical
Radiation Therapy Rotation (2) S,Su** *Prereq.: NS 7260. May be taken
concurrently with NS 7210, 7270, or 7331. May be taken for a max. of 4 hrs.
credit. Sequel to NS 7260*. Daily clinical rounds under supervision of medical
and clinical physics staff at Mary Bird Perkins Cancer Center; study of a wide
variety of isotopic and radiation source techniques for diagnosis and treatment
of malignant diseases.

**7331 Radiation Dosimetry
(3) F** *Prereq.: NS 4331*. Methods for measuring radiation fields
and absorbed radiation doses by ion-collection devices, photographic methods,
solid-state systems, chemical systems, and calorimetric methods, as applied
to isotopic and machine sources.

**7520 Nuclear Reactor
Materials (3) V** Principles governing structure and properties of materials
used in nuclear reactors; radiation effects, problems in selection, fabrication,
and use of these materials.

**7525 Nuclear Engineering
Laboratory (2) S** *Prereq.: credit or registration in NS 7527. 6
hrs. lab*. Operation of nuclear counting and spectroscopy systems; measurements
of neutron behavior in multiplying and nonmultiplying media; development of
design parameters from empirical data.

**7527, 7528 Reactor
Engineering (3,3) F,S** *Prereq.: consent of department. NS 7527 is
prerequisite for 7528*. Basic concepts of reactor physics; slowing-down
theory, homogeneous and heterogeneous reactors; diffusion and transport theories
for neutron flux calculations; criticality calculations: one-group, two-group,
and multigroup methods; core burn up analysis.

**7529 Nuclear Reactor
Dynamics (3) S** *Prereq.: NS 7527 and credit for or registration
in NS 7528*. Transient reactor analysis; analytical and numerical point
kinetics calculations; perturbation theory expressions for reactivity; feedback
effects; reactor transfer functions and stability; coupled neutronics and thermal
hydraulic transients; space-time kinetics.

**7530 Nuclear Shielding
Analysis and Design (2) F** Nuclear radiation interactions and their
application to the design and analysis of shield systems, calculation of source
terms, geometric transformations, attenuation factors, and heating rates associated
with photon and neutron shielding.

**7537 Radiation Transport
Theory I (3) F** *Prereq.: NS 7527 or NS 7530 or equivalent. Also
offered as PHYS 7537*. Fundamentals of neutron and gamma transport theory;
the Boltzmann equation; elementary analytical solutions; deterministic computational
methods, including Fourier transform, spherical harmonics, and discrete ordinates
techniques; applications to shielding and reactor physics.

**7538 Radiation Transport
Theory II (3) S** *Prereq.:PHYS 2203 or equivalent, CSC 2262 or equivalent
experience in computer programming. Also offered as PHYS 7538*. Radiation
transport simulation by the Monte Carlo method; phase-space tracking; response
estimators; biasing methods; integral form of the Boltzmann equation; condensed-history
method for charged particles; neutron, photon, and electron transport calculations
for shielding and medical physics.

**7555 Nuclear Reactor
Analysis (3) S** *Prereq.: MATH 4038 or 4340 and NS 7527; or equivalent*.
Numerical methods and solutions to multigroup neutron diffusion and transport
equations; lattice physics methods; nodal techniques; applications to fuel management
and light water reactor core physics analysis; calculation of temperature coefficients;
advanced reactor systems.

**7566, 7567 Advanced
Nuclear Reactor Systems (3,3) F,S** *Prereq.: NS 4527 or equivalent*.
Engineering aspects of fission reactor systems, including fuel behavior, energy
removal, materials selection, and core interface with the balance of the plant.

**7575 Two-Phase Flow
and Heat Transfer (3)** *Prereq.: ME 4433 or equivalent*. Modeling
and analysis of liquid-vapor flow systems and applications in nuclear reactor
design and safety; nucleation phenomena; boiling heat transfer, burnout, condensation;
flow instabilities, critical flow, loss of coolant accidents.

**7991 Advanced Projects
in Nuclear Science and Engineering (1-3)** *Prereq.: NS 4101 or 4331
or 4527, and consent of director*. Theoretical or experimental problems
involving the application of nuclear technology.

**7992 Advanced Topics
in Nuclear Science and Engineering (3)** *Prereq.: consent of director.
May be taken for a max. of 6 hrs. of credit when topics vary*. Advanced
treatment of a specific area of nuclear technology of current interest.

**7995 Seminar (1)
F,S** *Required every semester for degree candidates in nuclear science
and nuclear engineering. Only 1 sem. hr. of credit may be counted toward degree*.

**7999 Report Investigation
(1-6)** *Prereq.: NS 4101 or 4331 or 4527; and consent of instructor.
May be repeated for credit*. Detailed analysis of a technical problem or
a comprehensive design project.

**8000 Thesis Research
(1-12 per sem.)** *"S"/"U" grading*.