Biological Sciences

Listing of Course Designations & Rubrics

Biological Sciences - BIOL

General education courses are marked with stars ().

1001 General Biology (3) F,S,Su May not be taken by students who have had BIOL 1201. Students planning to take courses in microbiology, plant biology, or zoology should take BIOL 1201 and 1208. General concepts in cell biology, genetics, ecology, and evolution.

1002 General Biology (3) F,S,Su Prereq.: BIOL 1001 or 1201. For nonscience majors. Students planning to take courses in microbiology, plant biology, or zoology should take BIOL 1201 and 1208 and the second semester course in that major field. Diversity, interactions, and life histories of microorganisms, fungi, plants, and animals.

1005 Introductory Biology Laboratory (2) F,S,Su Prereq.: credit in BIOL 1001 and credit or registration in BIOL 1002; 1 hr. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Credit not allowed for students who have had BIOL 1208, BIOL 1402, or BIOL 1509. Basic principles of biology including cell biology, genetics, ecology, evolution, diversity, and systems physiology.

1011 Microorganisms and Man (3) Credit will not be given for both this course and BIOL 2051. Not open to biological science majors. Microorganisms and their relationship to people; microbial form and function; role of bacteria in health and disease, ecology, and industry from food production to genetic engineering.

1012 Microorganisms and Man Laboratory (1) Prereq.: credit or registration in BIOL 1011. 3 hrs. lab. Credit will not be given for both this course and BIOL 2051. Not open to biological science majors. Basic laboratory skills for handling and observing microorganisms; demonstration of features of microorganisms discussed in BIOL 1011.

1201 Biology for Science Majors I (3) Prereq: credit or registration in MATH 1020 or 1021. Primarily for students in science, agriculture, or education. Credit will not be given for both this course and BIOL 1001. General concepts in cellular structure, cellular metabolism, cellular communication, and genetics.

1202 Biology for Science Majors II (3) Prereq.: BIOL 1201. Primarily for students in science, agriculture, or education. Credit will not be give for this course and BIOL 1002, 1402, or 1502. General concepts in evolution, ecology, and the function of organisms.

1207 HNRS: Biology Laboratory for Science Majors (1) F Prereq: credit or registration in BIOL 1201 and admission to the Honors College. Credit will not be given for this course and BIOL 1005 or 1208. 3 hrs. lab. Topics include biochemistry, enzymes, cell structures, osmosis, cellular respiration, photosynthesis, cell division, genetics, and ecology.

1208 Biology Laboratory for Science Majors I (1) Prereq.: credit or registration in BIOL 1201. Credit will not be given for this course and BIOL 1005 or 1207. 3 hrs. lab. Primarily for students majoring in science, agriculture, or education.

1209 Biology Laboratory for Science Majors II (1) Prereq: Credit in BIOL 1208, credit or registration in BIOL 1202. Credit will not be given for this course and BIOL 1005 OR 1509. Primarily for students majoring in science, agriculture, or education.

1402 General Plant Biology (4) Prereq.: BIOL 1201 and 1208. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Credit will not be given for both this course and BIOL 1002, 1005. Structure and function of fungi and photosynthetic organisms.

1502 Introductory Zoology (3) F,S,Su Prereq.: BIOL 1201 and credit or registration in BIOL 1208. Primarily for students majoring in science, agriculture, or education. Credit will not be given for both this course and BIOL 1001 or 1002. Biology of animals; diversity, structure, and function.

1503 HONORS: Introductory Zoology (4) S Prereq.: BIOL 1201 and consent of instructor. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Same as BIOL 1502, 1509 with special honors emphasis for qualified students.

1509 Introductory Zoology Laboratory (1) F,S,Su Prereq.: credit or enrollment in BIOL 1502. Primarily for students majoring in science, agriculture, or education. Credit will not be given for both this course and BIOL 1005. 3 hrs. lab. Laboratory corresponding to BIOL 1202.

2015 Genetics and Society (3) Prereq.: BIOL 1001 and 1002. Not a prerequisite for other genetics courses. For nonscience majors. Genetics as it affects society; basic, human, and population genetics; testing for mutagenic and carcinogenic agents; genetic engineering; potential dangers and ethical problems.

2046 Plant Ecology (4) Prereq.: BIOL 1201, 1208, and 4 additional hrs. of biological science with laboratory; 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab.; two Saturday field trips; field service fee. Ecological principles pertaining to plant populations and communities and their environmental interactions.

2051 General Microbiology (4) F,S,Su Prereq.: BIOL 1201, 1208; BIOL 1502, 1509 or BIOL 1402; CHEM 1001 or 1201. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Credit will not be given for both this course and BIOL 1011 or 1012. Structure and function of microbial cells and their relationship to people and the environment.

2083 The Elements of Biochemistry (3) F,S Prereq.: CHEM 2060. Not for degree credit for students in the College of Basic Sciences. Nature and physiological uses of natural substances of interest to education, agriculture, and home economics majors.

2084 Elementary Biochemistry Laboratory (1) F,S Prereq.: one semester of chemistry laboratory, CHEM 2060, and credit or registration in BIOL 2083. 3 hrs. lab. Not for degree credit for students in the College of Basic Sciences. Deposit required.

2153 Principles of Genetics (4) F,S, Su Prereq.: BIOL 1201, 1208, 3 additional hrs. of a biological science, and enrollment or credit in CHEM 1202. Fundamental laws of heredity applied to plants and animals.

2160 Human Physiology (3) F,S May not be taken for credit by zoology majors or premedical students. Elements of human physiology; controls and functions of the various organ systems.

2161 Human Physiology Laboratory (1) Prereq.: credit or registration in BIOL 2160 and one year of chemistry. 3 hrs. lab.

2280 Introduction to Biochemical Research (1) V Prereq.: 8 sem. hrs. of chemistry. Pass-fail grading. Current research problems actively pursued by biochemistry faculty.

2390 Information Retrieval in the Sciences (1) F,S Prereq.: CHEM 2261 or equivalent. Modern methods of information retrieval from abstracts, scientific research literature, computerized index programs, and key-word citation systems; proper techniques in data presentation.

2500 Natural History of the Vertebrates (4) S Prereq.: BIOL 1201, 1208, and 4 hrs. of additional biological sciences with laboratory. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab/field work. Diversity, ecology, and evolution of the fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals; emphasis on Louisiana species.

2510 Introduction to Marine Zoology (4) Su Prereq.: BIOL 1502 and 1509. 12 hrs. lab. Five weeks at Louisiana Universities' Marine Consortium (LUMCON). Does not count toward the 20 hrs. of advanced course work required for zoology majors or toward the 15 hrs. of course work required for a minor in zoology. Field and laboratory survey of marine animals, particularly those of the Louisiana Gulf Coast; classification, morphology, physiology, and ecology.

2950 Research Internship (1) F,S,Su Maybe taken 4 times for credit. Introduction to research in biochemistry by association with a departmental research group.

3040 Evolution (3) Prereq.: BIOL 1201, 1208, and 4 additional hrs. of a biological science with laboratory. Principles and processes in evolutionary biology.

3041 Evolution Laboratory (1) Prereq.: credit or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 3040. Lab to accompany lecture BIOL 3040.

3060 Introductory Plant Physiology (4) Prereq.: BIOL 1402; CHEM 2060 or 2261. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Also offered as PLHL 3060. Life processes of plants emphasizing growth and development, metabolism, transport, and water relations.

3090 Cell Biology (3) Prereq.: 11 sem. hrs. of biological science and one year of chemistry.

3115 Advanced General Microbiology (4) F Prereq.: BIOL 2051 and organic chemistry. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Growth and differentiation of microorganisms; definition, quantitation, regulation, and manipulation of these processes; their importance in basic, applied, and medical research.

3152 Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates (4) F,S Prereq.: BIOL 1502, 1509; BIOL 2153. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab.

3156 Developmental Zoology (4) Prereq.: BIOL 1509, 2153. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Combination of classical descriptive embryology and contemporary experimental theories focusing on the mechanisms of development in vertebrates and invertebrates.

3800 Independent Study in Microbiology (2) F,S,Su Prereq.: junior standing, 8 earned credit hrs. in microbiology courses and consent of instructor. Review and critical analysis of selected areas of microbiological research.

3900 Undergraduate Seminar in Microbiology (1) F,S Prereq.: junior standing and 7 earned credit hrs. in microbiology courses. May be taken for a max. of 2 hrs. of credit when topics vary. Oral presentation of independent laboratory or library research on a selected topic in microbiology.

3901 Undergraduate Botanical Research (1-4) Prereq.: consent of instructor. May be taken for a max. of 8 sem. hrs. of credit.

3950, 3951 HONORS: Research for Honor Students in Zoology (2-4,2-4) F,S,Su Prereq.: completion of BIOL 1502, 1509, 2153 and one additional zoology course (with laboratory) with at least a 3.00 gpa. May not be counted as a 3000-level course with laboratory.

3998 Undergraduate Research in Microbiology (2) F,S,Su Prereq.: junior standing, 7 earned credit hrs. in microbiology courses, and consent of instructor. May be taken for a max. of 4 hrs. of credit. Independent laboratory investigation of a selected topic in microbiology.

3999 Undergraduate Research (1-3) F,S,Su May be taken for a max. of 4 sem. hrs. of credit; permission to receive more than a total of 4 sem. hrs. must be obtained from the department head. Individual reading, conference, and laboratory work on biochemical problems.

4001 Physical Chemistry (3) S Prereq.: CHEM 2261, PHYS 2002, and MATH 1550. Theoretical chemistry; emphasis on solutions, equilibria, and topics of interest to students in agricultural and biological sciences.

4015 Conservation Biology (3) F-E Prereq.: 11 sem. hrs. introductory zoology, plant biology, or biology; genetics recommended. Also offered as ENTM 4015.

4016 Introduction to Insect Physiology (3) S Prereq.: 12 hrs. of entomology or zoology; 1 yr. of organic chemistry or biochemistry. 2 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Also offered as ENTM 4016.

4020 Taxonomy and Ecology of Aquatic Plants (3) 1 hr. lecture; 4 hrs. lab; extended field trips. Also offered as FISH 4020 and WILD 4020. Field service fee. Taxonomy, ecology, distribution, and economic significance of aquatic plants in Louisiana.

4024 Plant Anatomy (4) Prereq.: BIOL 1402. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Structure and development of vascular plants; emphasis on seed plants.

4034 Morphology of Vascular Plants (4) Prereq.: BIOL 1402. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Phylogenetic survey of plant form and development among vascular plants from ferns and related forms through gymnosperms and angiosperms.

4041 Plant Taxonomy (4) Prereq.: BIOL 1402. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Principles of identification, classification, and nomenclature; their application to select groups of vascular plants.

4042 Projects in Plant Taxonomy (3) Prereq.: BIOL 4041 or equivalent. 1 hr. conference; 4 hrs. lab. Individual instruction; student responsible for selecting a plant taxonomy project related to interests.

4052 Phycology (4) Prereq.: one year of biological science. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Freshwater and marine algae, including morphology, biology, ecological role, and economic significance.

4054 Introductory Mycology (4) 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Same as PLHL 4054. Developmental morphology, taxonomy, and adaptive strategies of fungi; interactions of fungi with plants and animals.

4055 Flora of Louisiana (4) Prereq.: BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1402 or equivalent. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Two Saturday field trips. Major plant groups and communities of Louisiana and the Gulf region; field and laboratory identification, natural history, ecology, environmental issues relating to natural vegetation, and conservation of natural areas.

4056 Lichenology and Bryology (4) Prereq.: one year of biological science. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Lichen and bryophyte morphology, physiology, ecology, and systematics; practice in identification.

4087 Basic Biochemistry (4) F,S,Su Prereq.: CHEM 2262 and 9 hours in the biological sciences. Credit will be given for only one of the following: BIOL 4087 or 4093. Cellular macromolecules; production and utilization of energy by the cell; major metabolic pathways and their control; molecular biology.

4090 Marine Microbiology (3) See OCS 4090.

4093, 4094 General Biochemistry I (3) F, II (3) S Prereq.: CHEM 2262. Credit will not be given for both this course and BIOL 4087. Principles of biochemistry; biochemistry of the genetic code; protein chemistry; enzymology; primary, secondary, and tertiary metabolites; energetics; cycles of intermediary metabolism; biosynthesis and biomembranes; chemical structure of amino acids, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids.

4104 Histology (4) Prereq.: 12 sem. hrs. of biology or equivalent. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab.

4105 Parasitology (3) F,S Prereq.: BIOL 1502, 1509. Biology of animal parasites; emphasis on important human parasites.

4106 Parasitology Laboratory (1) F,S Prereq.: credit or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 4105. 3 hrs. lab. Field and laboratory investigations in parasitology.

4110 Introductory Microbial Physiology (3) F,S,Su Prereq.: BIOL 2051 and organic chemistry; or equivalent. Concepts of bacterial nutrition, metabolism, adaptation, and genetics, as related to growth and environment.

4111 Microbial Physiology Laboratory (2) V 6 hrs. lab. Laboratory techniques used to study growth, metabolism, and cellular control of microorganisms.

4121 Immunology and Serology (4) F Prereq.: BIOL 2051. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab.

4122 Pathogenic Biology (4) S Prereq.: BIOL 4121 or equivalent. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab.

4125 Prokaryotic Diversity (3) Prereq.: BIOL 2051. Biology of bacteria and archaea; evolution, diversity assessment, systematics, ecology; emphasis on molecular approaches.

4132 Eukaryotic Molecular Genetics (3) Prereq.: BIOL 2153; BIOL 4094 recommended. Molecular genetics, primarily in higher eukaryotes; gene structure and packaging in chromosomes; gene transcription and mRNA processing; translation; gene regulation; genetics in development; genetics of cancer; immunogenetics; genetic engineering in eukaryotes.

4141 Mammalogy (4) F Prereq.: 8 sem. hrs. of introductory biology with laboratory; 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Biology of mammals; origins, adaptive radiations, and ecology.

4142 Ornithology (4) S Prereq.: 8 sem. hrs. of introductory biology with laboratory; 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab and field work. Field service fee. Biology of birds; emphasis on ecology, behavior, and evolution.

4145 Ichthyology (4) F Prereq.: 8 sem. hrs. of introductory zoology or biology with laboratory; BIOL 1502, 1509 recommended. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab and field work. Field service fee. Also offered as FISH 4145. Biology of fishes; evolution, classification, and ecology.

4146 Herpetology (4) Prereq.: 8 sem. hrs. of introductory biology with laboratory; 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab and field work. Field service fee. Taxonomy and natural history of amphibians and reptiles.

4147 Biology of Eukaryotic Microorganisms (4) Prereq.: BIOL 2051, and 3115 or equivalent. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Molecular biology, physiology, genetics, morphology, development, and taxonomy of the yeasts, molds, slime molds, algae, and protozoa.

4149 Aquatic Invertebrate Ecology (4) Prereq.: 8 sem. hrs. of introductory zoology or biology with laboratory. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Lecture emphasizes ecology, systematics, and evolution of fresh water invertebrates; lab emphasizes identification and collection methods.

4154 Invertebrate Zoology (4) Prereq.: BIOL 1502, 1509. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Biology of the invertebrates; phylogeny, functional morphology.

4155 Environmental Physiology (3) Prereq.: BIOL 1509, 2153. Physiological adaptations of animals to physical and chemical parameters of the environment.

4156 Environmental Physiology Laboratory (1) F Prereq.: credit or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 4155 or equivalent. 3 hrs. lab. Laboratory exercises in environmental physiology.

4157 Cellular Physiology (4) F Prereq.: BIOL 1509, 2153, and organic chemistry. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Physiological systems in cells and tissues.

4158 Endocrinology (3) F Prereq.: BIOL 1509, 2153. Physiology of neural and hormonal regulation in vertebrates.

4160 Vertebrate Physiology (3) F,S Prereq.: BIOL 1509, 2153 and organic chemistry. Principles of vertebrate systems physiology; emphasis on mammalian systems.

4161 Vertebrate Physiology Laboratory (1) F,S Prereq.: credit or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 4160 or equivalent. 3 hrs. lab. Laboratory exercises in systems physiology.

4162 Food Microbiology (4) V See FDSC 4162.

4163 Industrial Microbiology (4) S Prereq.: BIOL 3115 or 4110; or equivalent. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Microbes used in industrial processes such as production of chemicals, antibiotics, and vitamins.

4172 Plant Microtechnique (3) Prereq.: BIOL 4024 or equivalent. 1 hr. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Technique and practice in making permanent slides.

4177 Neurobiology (3) Prereq.: BIOL 1509, 2153 and one year of organic chemistry. Principles of organization and function in nervous systems; molecular basis of behavior.

4190 Introductory Virology (3) V Prereq.: BIOL 2051. Viruses and their host cells; biochemistry and molecular biology of viral infections.

4194 History of Biology (2) Prereq.: senior standing or consent of instructor.

4200 Microbial Morphogenesis (3) V Prereq.: BIOL 2051 and either 3115 or 4146; or equivalent. Cellular morphogenesis in microorganisms and its control by differential gene expression; physiological changes during microbial differentiation; adaptive roles and practical applications.

4210 Biological Modeling and Data Analysis (3) F,S Prereq.: MATH 1550, 8 sem. hrs. of introductory biology. 2 hrs. lecture; 2 hrs. lab. Modeling of biological systems; design and analysis of biological experiments; presentation of data.

4246 Microbial Genetics (3) F,S Prereq.: BIOL 3115. Microbial genetic principles: mutation, conjugation, transformation, recombination, transduction, gene expression; molecular biology of bacteriophage and plasmids; recombinant DNA technology.

4253 Principles of Ecology (3) F,S Prereq.: 8 sem. hrs. introductory biological sciences with lab. Fundamental ecological principles governing the structure and function of populations, communities, and ecosystems; comparative habitat ecology.

4254 Principles of Ecology Laboratory (1) F,S Prereq.: credit or registration in BIOL 4253. 3 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Laboratory exercises in ecology.

4256 Microbial Ecology and Nutrient Cycling in Soils (4) See AGRO 4056.

4261 Microbiology of Water, Sewage, and Industrial Wastes (4) V Prereq.: BIOL 3115 and 4110; or equivalent. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab.

4262 Marine Communities (3) Prereq.: BIOL 1502, 1509 or BIOL 1402 and BIOL 2153. Marine biology; ecology of benthic, planktonic, nektonic, estuarine, oceanic, coral, and mangrove communities; emphasis on Louisiana's coastal environments.

4263 Marine Communities Laboratory (1) F Prereq.: credit or concurrent enrollment in BIOL 4262 or equivalent. 3 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Laboratory experiences in marine communities.

4270 Behavioral Ecology (3) F Prereq.: BIOL 1201, 1208 plus four additional hours of biological sciences. Introduction to the field of animal behavior with emphasis on how research in this area is performed; topics include physical, environmental, and physiological effects on behavior as well as possible evolutionary causes of present-day behaviors.

4299 Genetics of the Evolutionary Process (4) Prereq.: BIOL 2153 or equivalent. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. discussion/lab. Principles of microevolution; emphasis on genetic and ecological mechanisms relevant to process of evolution.

4308 Plants in Coastal Environments (3) See OCS 4308.

4385 Biochemistry Laboratory (3) F,S Prereq.: credit or registration in BIOL 4087 or 4093. 1 hr. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Techniques including chemistry of amino acids and proteins; purification, immunochemistry, kinetics of enzymes; protein biosynthesis; nucleic acid chemistry; properties and restriction mapping of plasmids and recombinant DNA; spectrophotometry, chromatography, electrophoresis, centrifugation, and radioisotope labelling.

4400 Molecular Genetics Laboratory (3) S Prereq.: BIOL 2153 and 6 hrs. of biological sciences at the 4000 level or BIOL 4246 and 3 hrs. of biological sciences at the 4000 level. 1 hr. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Current techniques used to genetically engineer microorganisms, study gene expression and DNA modification, and identify organisms by specific genetic alleles; computer analysis of DNA and protein sequences.

4444 Seed Physiology (3) S See PLHL 4444.

4450 Molecular Regulation of Cell Function (3) S Prereq.: BIOL 1201, 4094, CHEM 2262. BIOL 3090 encouraged. Molecular organization of eukaryotic cells; gene structure and function; molecular regulation of signal transduction and cell cycle.

4595 Physical Chemistry of Macromolecules (3) V See CHEM 4595.

4596 Biophysics of Macromolecules (3) V Prereq.: BIOL 4087 or 4093 and BIOL 4001 or credit or registration in CHEM 3492. Complements material in BIOL 4595. Theory and application of physical techniques to the study of biological macromolecules; spectroscopy (UV-VIS absorption and fluorescence, circular dichroism, IR, NMR, X-ray diffraction); helix-coil theory; theories of ligand binding.

4600 Topics in Marine Zoology (2-6) Su Prereq.: 16 hrs. of biology or zoology including one laboratory course numbered above 3000. See also FISH 4600. May be taken for a max. of 9 sem. hrs. of credit when topics vary. Courses to be offered vary from year to year; additional information available from department. Intensive field study of a special topic in marine zoology at the Louisiana Universities' Marine Consortium field stations.

4653 Marine Phycology (4) Su only Prereq.: 12 hrs. in biological science, including some plant biology. Four weeks at Gulf Coast Research Laboratory, Ocean Springs, Mississippi.

6055 Flora of Louisiana for Teachers (4) Prereq.: one year of biological sciences. 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Student projects are required. Identification and natural history of native vegetation and plant communities of Louisiana.

6147 Selected Topics in Life Science (1-3) Prereq.: BIOL 1001, 1002, 1005; or equivalent. May be taken for a max. of 6 sem. hrs. credit when topics vary. Specific areas of biological sciences; topics offered determined by recent advances in the field, needs of students, and availability of appropriate faculty.

7001 Tropical Ecology (3) Prereq.: BIOL 4253 or equivalent. Ecology, natural history, and biodiversity of tropical organisms, communities, and ecosystems, including plants, fungi, insects, reptiles, amphibians, birds, mammals, and fishes of tropical rain forests and tropical savannas.

7010 Plant Molecular Biology (3) F Prereq.: BIOL 3060, 4093, and 4094 or equivalent. See PLHL 7010.

7013 Coevolution (3) See ENTM 7013.

7014 Plant Stress Physiology (3) See PLHL 7014.

7022 Marine Microbial Ecology (3) See OCS 7020.

7025 Advanced Plant Anatomy (3) Prereq.: BIOL 4024 or equivalent. Analysis of meristematic activity and growth patterns in vascular plants; basis and mechanisms of differentiation and experimental studies of normal growth processes.

7032 Advanced Mycology: Ascomycetes and Deuteromycetes (4) See PLHL 7032.

7043 Advanced Plant Taxonomy (4) Prereq.: BIOL 2153 or AGRI 2072, and BIOL 4041; or equivalent. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Fundamentals of natural variation and evolution; taxonomic features of plant variation.

7044 Agrostology (3) Prereq.: BIOL 4041 or equivalent. 1 hr. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Morphology, classification, identification, and economic importance of grasses and grasslike plants.

7056 Advanced Mycology: Lower Fungi (4) Prereq.: BIOL 4054 or equivalent. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Same as PLHL 7056. Taxonomy, biology, and ecology of flagellated fungi and zygomycetes; ultrastructural morphology, genetics, and pathogenicity; collection, isolation, and identification of fungi from a variety of substrates and habitats.

7061 Plant Growth and Development (3) See PLHL 7061.

7063 Plant Metabolism (3) See PLHL 7063.

7065 Transport Processes in Plants (3) Prereq.: BIOL 3060. Also offered as PLHL 7065. Principles governing the transport of water, mineral nutrients, organic compounds and gases in plants; cellular through whole-plant levels of organization and physiological response.

7067 Selected Topics in Plant Physiology (2) Prereq.: consent of instructor. May be repeated for credit. Same as PLHL 7067. Mineral nutrition, metabolism, growth and development, and herbicides.

7068 Current Literature in Plant Physiology (1) See PLHL 7068.

7080 Population Ecology (3) Prereq.: BIOL 4253 or equivalent. Also offered as ENTM 7080. Advanced topics emphasizing animals in population growth and regulation; life histories; foraging behavior; agonism and territoriality; and group behavior.

7083 Community Ecology (3) Prereq.: BIOL 4253 or equivalent. Ecological processes of communities; predation, competition, mutualism, disturbance, succession, island biogeography, and diversity.

7093 Plant Population Biology (3) Prereq.: BIOL 4253 or equivalent. Plant population dynamics, reproductive systems, life histories, competition, niche theory, and interactions between plants and predators, pathogens, and symbionts.

7111 Systematic Biology (4) Prereq.: 8 sem. hrs. of 4000-level biological science courses or equivalent; introductory statistics recommended. 3 hrs. lecture; 2 hrs. lab. Theoretical and empirical aspects of systematics and evolutionary biology.

7118 Ethology (4) Prereq.: consent of instructor. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. and field work. Evolutionary basis of animal behavior.

7120 Marine Ecology (3) Prereq.: consent of instructor. 2 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. and field work. Also offered as OCS 7317. Physical, chemical, and biological environmental factors affecting distribution of marine fauna; communities representative of each of the ecological subdivisions of the world's oceans treated with respect to species composition, food webs, and seasonal changes; human impact on the marine environment.

7125 Invertebrate-Microbial Interactions in Aquatic Environments (3) Prereq.: consent of instructor. 2 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Invertebrate-microbial interactions in aquatic food webs; ecological significance of mutualistic, parasitic, and commensal relationships.

7130 Environmental Physiology of Estuarine Animals (4) Prereq.: consent of instructor. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Effects of salinity, temperature, and dissolved oxygen on the physiology of estuarine fauna.

7148 Microbial Anatomy and Ultrastructure (2) V Prereq.: BIOL 4110 or equivalent. Structure of various microbial forms.

7150 Special Topics in Microbiology (2) V Prereq.: 6 sem. hrs. of microbiology beyond BIOL 2051. May be taken for a max. of 4 hrs. of credit when topics vary. Specialized areas of current interest.

7152 Advanced Vertebrate Anatomy (4) Prereq.: BIOL 3152. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab.

7153 Mutagenesis (3) Prereq.: BIOL 2153 and consent of instructor. Mechanisms of mutation; methods of detecting mutations; comparisons of effect of mutagenic agents among various test organisms.

7154 Advanced Genetics Laboratory (3) Prereq.: consent of instructor. 1 hr. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Experiments with Drosophila melanogaster; study of genetic and cytological variations due to deficiencies, duplications, inversions, rings, translocations, transpositions, compound chromosomes, and Y derivatives; classical genetic loci and loci controlling electrophoretic mobility of enzymes and other proteins used; stocks synthesized to meet specific requirements for mutational and biochemical research.

7155 Energy Transducing Membrane Proteins (3) Prereq.: BIOL 4110 and 4087 or 4093, or equivalent. Structure and function of energy transducing membrane proteins including bacteriorhodopsin, ATP synthase, cytochrome oxidase, cytochrome b/c1 complexes, the bacterial reaction center, photosystem I and II and antennae pigment protein complexes.

7156 Experimental Embryology (4) Prereq.: BIOL 3156 or equivalent. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Field service fee. Classic and contemporary theory, techniques, experiments, and independent investigations concerning vertebrate and invertebrate development.

7157 Molecular Adaptation to the Environment (4) Prereq.: consent of instructor. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. lab. Molecular and physiological mechanisms adapting organisms to environmental factors; emphasis on adaptations permitting organisms to inhabit a diversity of environments.

7160 Histochemistry and Cytochemistry (4) Prereq.: 3 sem. hrs. of biochemistry or equivalent. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab.

7161 Higher Bacteria (3) V Prereq.: BIOL 4110 or equivalent. Microbial systematics and ecology; emphasis on morphology and physiology of the higher bacteria.

7162 Molecular Biology of Microorganisms (3) Prereq.: BIOL 4146, and either BIOL 4110 or 4094; or equivalent. Synthesis, activity, and interactions of various molecular components of microbial cells; macromolecules and their relationship to cellular function and heredity.

7163 Advanced Technology of Molecular Biology I (3) V Prereq.: credit or registration in BIOL 7280 or BIOL 7162. 1 hr. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Methods in recombinant DNA procedures; isolation of DNA from prokaryotic or eukaryotic sources; DNA cloning; restriction mapping and DNA sequencing.

7164 Advanced Technology of Molecular Biology II (3) V Prereq.: credit or equivalent in BIOL 7163. 1 hr. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Special projects in experimental molecular biology.

7171 Physiological Rhythms (3) Prereq.: consent of instructor. 1 hr. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Role of exogenous and endogenous rhythms in regulation of physiological systems.

7177 Neurosensory Physiology (4) Prereq.: BIOL 4155 or 4157 or 4160. 2 hrs. lecture; 6 hrs. lab. Physiology of nerve and sensory receptors; vertebrate systems and independent laboratory investigation.

7220 Biochemistry and Toxicology of Metals (3) S Prereq.: BIOL 4093, 4094; CHEM 2262. See ENVS 7220.

7253 Molecular Population Genetics (4) Prereq.: BIOL 2153 or equivalent. 3 hrs. lecture; 3 hrs. discussion/lab. Molecular genetic variation in natural populations; effects of selection, inbreeding, random drift, migration, and mutation on DNA and protein polymorphisms; emphasis in lab on computer-assisted manipulation and analysis of molecular data.

7250 Organelle Genetics (3) Prereq.: BIOL 4094 and BIOL 2153; or equivalent. Organelle biogenesis, structure and packaging of organelle genomes, segregation and transmission patterns of organelle genes, mapping, and molecular mechanisms of transmission.

7280 Nucleic Acids (3) V Prereq.: BIOL 4094 or equivalent. Chemistry and biochemistry of nucleic acids; structure, expression, and regulation of genes in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms.

7284 Proteins (3) V Prereq.: CHEM 4491 or BIOL 4001; and BIOL 4093 or equivalent. Conformations of fibrous and globular proteins; their interactions with small and large molecules.

7285 Advanced Enzymology (3) V Prereq.: one semester of physical chemistry and credit or registration in BIOL 4094. Principles involving action of enzymes on a molecular level; includes kinetics, inhibition, Ph effects, active site, coenzymes, reaction mechanism, and protein structure of enzymes.

7286 Seminar (1) F,S May be repeated for credit. Reports on topics of current interest in biochemistry.

7287 Special Topics in Biochemistry (1-3) V Prereq.: BIOL 4094 or equivalent. May be taken for a max. of 8 sem. hrs. of credit. Modern biochemistry topics of current interest.

7288 Lipids and Membranes (3) V Prereq.: BIOL 4094. Chemistry and biochemistry of lipids and membranes; analytical methods for lipids; biosynthesis of complex lipids; organization and function of biological membranes.

7289 Biochemistry of Viruses (3) V Prereq.: BIOL 4094 or equivalent. Also offered as VMP 7410. Biochemistry and molecular biology of representative bacterial, animal, and plant viruses; virus attachment to and penetration of host cells; replication, transcription, and translation of viral genes; virion morphogenesis and assembly; virus-induced host cell modifications; emphasis on structure-function relationships.

7290 Complex Carbohydrates (3) V Prereq.: BIOL 4094. Chemistry of carbohydrates including stereochemistry, reactions, derivatization, and analysis; biosynthesis and functions of complex carbohydrates; structure and function of complex carbohydrates including polysaccharides, glycoproteins, and glycolipids; immunology and receptorology.

7387 Special Topics in Plant Ecology (1-3) V May be taken for a max. of 8 sem. hrs. of credit. Special plant ecology topics of current interest in plant biology.

7388 Special Topics in Plant Systematics and Evolutionary Biology (1-3) V May be taken for a max. of 8 sem. hrs. of credit. Special plant systematics and evolutionary biology topics of current interest in plant biology.

7389 Special Topics in Plant Biochemistry, Cell, and Molecular Biology (1-3) V May be taken for a max. of 8 sem. hrs. credit. Special plant biochemistry, cell, and molecular biology topics of current interest in plant biology.

7622 Fundamentals of Chemical Carcinogenesis (3) S-E Prereq.: VPT 7604 or consent of instructor. Same as VPT 7622 and ENVS 7622.

7624 Toxicology II (3) See VPT 7624.

7699 Toxicology Seminar (1) See VPT 7699.

7626 Toxicology IV: Genetic Toxicology (3) S-E See ENVS 7626.

7648 Museum Field Expedition (6) Prereq.: consent of instructor. One semester in the field under direction of the Museum of Natural Science staff.

7800 Advanced Topics in Zoology (2-4) F,S,Su Prereq.: consent of instructor. May be taken for a max. of 12 sem. hrs. when topics vary.

7919, 7920 Advanced Seminar (1,1) F,S Prereq.: admission to the Ph.D. program.

7921 Seminar in General Zoology (1) May be repeated for credit.

7924 Seminar in Invertebrate Zoology (1) May be repeated for credit.

7926 Seminar in Vertebrate Zoology (1) May be repeated for credit.

7928 Seminar in Embryology and Developmental Biology (1) May be repeated for credit.

7931, 7932 Seminar in Physiology (1,1) Each course may be repeated for credit.

7934, 7935 Seminar in Genetics (1,1) Each course may be repeated for credit.

7936, 7937 Seminar in Ecology (1,1) Each course may be repeated for credit.

7938, 7939 Seminar in Systematics, Evolution, and Zoogeography (1,1) Each course may be repeated for credit.

7940, 7941 Seminar in Parasitology (1,1) Each course may be repeated for credit.

7942 Seminar in Morphology (1) May be repeated for credit.

7944, 7945 Seminar in Cell Biology (1,1) Each course may be repeated for credit.

7946 Seminar: Current Topics in Molecular Evolution (1) Prereq.: course in evolution, genetics, BIOL 4087 or equivalent. Also offered as ENTM 7946. May be taken for max. of 6 hrs. credit when topics vary.

7978 Tropical Agricultural Ecology (1-8) Intensive eight-week field course in Costa Rica conducted by the Organization for Tropical Studies; includes visits to various research sites to study the application of ecological principles to tropical agriculture.

7979 Tropical Biology: An Ecological Approach (1-8) Eight-week field course at research sites in Costa Rica; conducted by Organization for Tropical Studies; also offered as ENTM 7979. Complexities of tropical plants and animals and their interactions.

7980 Research Seminar (1) Pass-fail grading. All plant biology graduate students are required to enroll whenever 7980 is offered. Reports and discussions on topics of current interest.

7990 Problems and Research (3)

7995 Independent Study (1-3) V Prereq.: consent of instructor. May be taken for a max. of 8 sem. hrs. of credit. Directed individual readings under the guidance of a graduate faculty member.

8000 Thesis Research (1-12 per sem.) "S"/"U" grading.

8900 Procedures and Problems in Biochemical Research (1-9) F,S,Su For pre-dissertation research or for specific experience under the direction of a biochemistry faculty member. May be repeated for credit. Pass-fail grading. Experimental research methods, design and performance of experiments, and analysis and interpretation of data.

8901 Problems and Research (3-5) For doctoral students only.

8902 Research (2-8) F,S,Su Prereq.: consent of instructor. May be taken for a max. of 8 sem. hrs. credit.

8903 Microbiology for Teachers (4) Su 2 hrs. lecture; 4 hrs. lab. Relation of microorganisms to everyday living; how knowledge of these forms is used in effective teaching of high school science and home economics.

8904 Methods of Research in Microbiology (3) 1 hr. conference; 6 hrs. lab. May be taken for a max. of 6 hrs. of credit when topics vary. Pass-fail grading.

8910 Research Participation (3) Su For high school science teachers.

9000 Dissertation Research (1-12 per sem.) "S"/"U" grading.

 

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