F. Training – Heat-related Disorders

 


It is important for the employer to provide training in the symptoms and effects of heat stress and heat stroke. It is also important to stress the importance of drinking fluids and maintaining proper electrolyte levels.

1. HEAT EXHAUSTION
a. Symptoms: Fatigue; weakness; profuse sweating; normal temperature; pale clammy skin; headache; cramps; vomiting; fainting.

b. Treatment:
i. Medical Alert

ii. Remove worker from hot area

iii. Have worker lie down and raise feet

iv. Apply cool, wet cloths

v. Loosen or remove clothing

vi. Allow small sips of water or electrolyte beverage if victim is not vomiting, then encourage victim to drink as much as possible

vii. Instruct victim to stay out of heat for the remainder of the day
c. Prevention:
i. Take frequent breaks

ii. Increase fluid intake

iii. Allow workers to become acclimatized to heat
d. Causes:
i. High air temperature

ii. High humidity

iii. Low air movement

iv. Hard work

v. Not enough breaks

vi. Insufficient fluid intake

vii. Full body clothing

viii. Workers not acclimated to heat

2. HEAT STROKE
a. Symptoms:
Dizziness; nausea; severe headache; hot and dry skin; confusion; collapse; delirium; coma; death.
b. Treatment:
i. Medical emergency alert–life-threatening situation

ii. Remove worker from hot area

iii. Remove clothing

iv. Have victim lay down

v. Cool body by any means available–cold water, chemical cooling ice packs, ice rubbed vigorously over body

vi. Do not give stimulants

vii. Give cold drinks if patient can cooperate

viii. Transport victim immediately to nearest medical facility
c. Causes:
i. High air temperature

ii. High humidity

iii. Low air movement

iv. Hard work

v. Not enough breaks

vi. Insufficient fluid intake

vii. Full body clothing

viii. Not acclimatized